US SECRETARY of State Hillary Rodham Clinton today encouraged Afghanistan’s wary leadership and civic leaders to keep up Taliban reconciliation efforts and boost counter-terrorism cooperation with Pakistan as the Obama administration presses ahead with troop withdrawal plans.
On an unannounced visit to Kabul, Clinton told civic leaders the US would not abandon Afghanistan and pledged that reconciliation would not come at the expense of women’s and minority rights. Later she was to see President Hamid Karzai and other top Afghan officials to repeat that message.
Clinton assured women’s rights activists, educators and politicians that their concerns “are being heard at the highest levels of the US government.”
“These are some of my heroes,” she told reporters before the start of the meeting at the US embassy. “I am here to have a reality check. I want to hear what people in Afghanistan are thinking about the way forward.”
Clinton’s trip comes after Karzai expressed frustration with attempts to woo Taliban fighters away from the insurgency amid increasing attacks by the Taliban-allied, Pakistan-based Haqqani network.
In her meetings with Afghan officials, Clinton also emphasised the importance of linking Afghanistan to its neighbours, a consideration for a regional conference in Istanbul, Turkey, in early November, US officials said.
The US sees a political settlement with the Taliban as key to ending the war and is pushing Karzai to lead and expand a reconciliation drive, although the Taliban has indicated no public interest in such a deal. A secret US effort to spark negotiations earlier this year angered Karzai.
The goal of reconciling fighters who renounce al-Qaida and violence and embrace Afghanistan’s constitution was dealt a major blow with the assassination last month of elder statesman Burhanuddin Rabbani, who was leading Karzai’s outreach. Rabbani was killed when he greeted a suicide bomber posing as a Taliban emissary bearing a reconciliation message.
In her meeting at the embassy, Clinton told Rabbani’s son, Salahuddin, that his father “was a brave man and trying to do the right thing.”
Rabbani replied, “We will make sure we continue his vision.”
A senior US official said Clinton would emphasise that the US remains committed to Afghan reconciliation and understands the difficulties that the process has undergone since the assassination. The official spoke on condition of anonymity to preview Clinton’s meetings.
Karzai has cited the killing as a reason why peace efforts are futile. He lamented recently that although he wants to continue, neighbouring Pakistan should be in the lead since the Taliban high command lives there. In addition, dramatic attacks — like one last month on the US Embassy compound and the headquarters of the US-led NATO forces in Kabul — by the Haqqani network have dented enthusiasm for the push.
The US official said the Obama administration is sympathetic to Karzai’s desire for Pakistan to do more and said Clinton would talk with Karzai about the need for Pakistan to put additional pressure on the Haqqani network.
Over the weekend, militants tried but failed to blast their way into an American base in eastern Afghanistan, striking before dawn with rocket-propelled grenades and a car bomb. The Taliban claimed responsibility for the attack in a text message sent to The Associated Press.
NATO says such spectacular strikes, many of them perpetrated by the Haqqani network, are actually down from past years. But assassinations have increased 60 percent for the same period, with 131 people killed so far this year.
In addition to reconciliation, Clinton will also be pressing the Afghans on reaching a binding security agreement that will govern US-Afghanistan relations after American troops leave. The US plans to bring most forces home by 2015; it intends to withdraw the 33,000 additional troops that President Barack Obama sent to Afghanistan in 2009 by the end of the fighting season in 2012, 10,000 of them by the end of this year. About 3,000 of those have already left.
The US hopes to have the security agreement ready before an international conference on Afghanistan’s future in early December. That will be meant as a signal to Afghanistan and the region that the US will remain engaged and involved, according to the US official.