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IS recruits are more educated than you might think, according to a world study

The study aimed to identify socioeconomic traits that might explain why some are drawn to the Syria-based extremist group.

Muslim protesters hold a flag of Islamic State as they shout anti-India slogans during a protest in Srinagar, Indian controlled Kashmir.
Muslim protesters hold a flag of Islamic State as they shout anti-India slogans during a protest in Srinagar, Indian controlled Kashmir.
Image: AP/Press Association Images

RECRUITS INTO THE Islamic State group are better educated than their average countryman, contrary to popular belief, according to a new World Bank study.

Moreover, those offering to become suicide bombers ranked on average in the more educated group, said the newly released study titled Economic and Social Inclusion to Prevent Violent Extremism.

The study, which aimed to identify socioeconomic traits that might explain why some are drawn to the Syria-based extremist group, made clear that poverty and deprivation were not at the root of support for the group.

Poverty ‘not a driver of radicalisation’

Almost without exception, fighters joining IS’s Syria and Iraq-based forces had several more years of education in their home countries – whether in Europe, Africa or elsewhere in the Middle East – than the average citizen.

The data shows clearly, the report said, that “poverty is not a driver of radicalization into violent extremism.”

Out of 3,800 recruits described in a leaked Islamic State database, only 17% did not finish high school, while a quarter had university-level educations.

Only those from Eastern Europe were below the average, and only marginally so, according to the study.

“Foreign recruits from the Middle East, North Africa and South and East Asia are significantly more educated than what is typical in their region,” the Bank report said.

About 30% of the recruits told the extremist group what positions in the force they wanted. Around one in nine volunteered for suicide operations, and their educational levels were on par with those who sought to be administrators, the report said.

“The proportions of administrators but also of suicide fighters increase with education,” it said.

Most of the 3,800 recruits also reported having a job before travelling to join the Islamic State group, also known as Daesh, according to the study.

However, it noted that a significant number of those choosing ‘suicide fighter’ as their preferred option when enlisting said that they had not been employed back in their home country, or that they were in the military before joining the group.

According to the report:

An important finding is that these individuals are far from being uneducated or illiterate. Most claim to have attended secondary school and a large fraction have gone on to study at university.

“We find that Daesh did not recruit its foreign workforce among the poor and less educated, but rather the opposite. Instead, the lack of economic inclusion seems to explain the extent of radicalization into violent extremism.”

© AFP 2016

Read: After two years of Islamic State rule, the children of Manbij are finally allowed return to school

Read: German woman kidnapped in Syria while pregnant has been released with her baby

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