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Mubarak declared fit to stand trial in front of a large audience

Stadium-style seating has been promised at Cairo’s Convention Centre for the trial. The audience is likely to include relatives of 850 killed during the uprising. Critics doubt the trial will go ahead.

An protester holds a noose under an Egyptian flag in Tahrir Square
An protester holds a noose under an Egyptian flag in Tahrir Square
Image: Amr Nabil/AP/Press Association Images

TOPPLED EGYPTIAN PRESIDENT Hosni Mubarak’s trial will be set in a huge Cairo convention centre with hundreds of seats for an audience, heavy security and a metal defendants’ cage large enough to hold the man who ruled Egypt unchallenged for three decades, his two sons and seven associates.

Health Minister Amr Helmy said the 83-year-old is well enough to be moved from a hospital in the Sinai resort of Sharm el-Sheikh, where he is under arrest, to Cairo.

He will face charges of corruption and ordering the killings of protesters during the uprising that toppled him in February.

“Mubarak’s health is in appropriate condition for him to be tried in Cairo,” Helmy told reporters.

The former president’s lawyer said last week that Mubarak had suffered a stroke and was in a coma, but this was denied by a top medical official.

Protests have escalated recently clamoring for Mubarak and other former regime stalwarts to be brought to justice over the killings of protesters and other crimes over the years.

Many activists say the ruling military council which took power from the ousted president — and is headed by Mubarak’s former defense minister — is dragging its feet on the prosecutions.

Tent camp

A few hundred hard-core protesters have erected a tent camp in Cairo’s Tahrir Square — the epicenter of the uprising — to press for speedier trials, and a march last week to the headquarters of the Supreme Council of the Armed forces ended with more than 100 people injured after men armed with rocks and sticks attacked them.

Many protesters received the announcement with deep skepticism.

“I think they will find some excuse for him not to come to Cairo,” said activist Marwa Nasser. “We’ve been guessing that they’ll announce that he’s dead, or that security reasons keep him from going on TV. Even if he comes, people doubt that we’ll ever see him in the cage or on TV.”

The plans for the trial venue show the judiciary wants to make it a public spectacle.

Deputy Justice Minister Mohammed Munie told state news agency MENA that a final decision has been made to hold the trial at Cairo’s Convention Center, not far from Mubarak’s Cairo home and normally a venue for book fairs and trade shows.

Munie said a large building within the center will be outfitted with enough chairs for lawyers, a special section for journalists and seating for “an audience that is connected to the case” — likely to include relatives of about 850 people killed during the uprising.

Electronic doors will be installed at entrances, and the army and the interior ministry will handle security.

Stadium-style seating

A member of a judicial team that visited the building yesterday said the trial room would probably have stadium-style seating for hundreds of people. Speaking on condition of anonymity because final decisions had not been made, he said the team was considering erecting large screens around the convention center to allow others to watch from outside.

Inside the courtroom will be an iconic scene from Egyptian trials — a single metal cage where the accused are held. Under the old regime, the media often featured images of Mubarak foes seated in such cages.

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Munie said the convention centre cage will be large enough to hold Mubarak, his two sons and seven of their associates who have been lumped together in one case. There is an 11th defendant who is being tried in absentia.

His son’s Alaa and Gamal, who have been in a Cairo prison since April, are facing charges of corruption. Mubarak had been grooming Gamal to succeed him before his ouster. Prominent businessman and Mubarak confidant Hussein Salem is being tried in absentia. He has fled to Spain, and Egypt is demanding his extradition.

Former Interior Minster Habib el-Adly and six high-ranking security officers are charged with ordering the killing of protesters during the 18-day uprising.

The former president is being tried for both corruption and ordering the killings of protesters. His family is suspected of amassing billions of dollars from corrupt business dealings while nearly half the 85 million people in his country subsisted at poverty levels around $2 a day or less.

Khaled Sayed of the Muslim Brotherhood’s youth movement said the announcement shows the need for protesters to keep pressure on the army, but he still doesn’t expect to see Mubarak’s trial any time soon.

“I doubt it, but as long as there is a schedule for the trial, we have to be patient to see if it happens,” he said. “If it doesn’t, then we have to reveal the scandal of the military council to the public.”

An appeals judge must still formally announce Mubarak’s transfer to Cairo. But according to Egyptian law, the defendant must physically appear in court.

“Egyptian law stipulates that a judge must hear the defendant’s testimony with his own ear, and physically be in the same room as the defendant,” Nasser Amin, a lawyer with the Arab Center for the Independence of the Judiciary, told The Associated Press.

- AP

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