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Dublin: 13 °C Saturday 1 November, 2014

With hours to go before deadline, US edges closer to shutdown deal

The US has until midnight tonight to reach a deal on raising the government’s debt ceiling – or else see its credit reputation on the line.

Paul Ryan looks at the gathered media as he waits to get on the lift to John Boehner's office last night.
Paul Ryan looks at the gathered media as he waits to get on the lift to John Boehner's office last night.
Image: AP Photo/Carolyn Kaster

THE UNITED STATES is just hours from a fateful fiscal deadline, with a chaotic political standoff threatening to trigger a debt default and rock the global economy.

Hopes that Congress would agree to raise the government’s borrowing authority as required by midnight tonight (US time) rested with last gasp talks in the Senate — with America’s top notch credit rating on the line.

Any deal though would have to make it through the Republican-led House of Representatives, where conservative Tea Party lawmakers have thwarted previous compromise efforts in a bid to undermine Democratic President Barack Obama.

If Congress fails to raise the $16.7 trillion (€12.3 trillion) debt ceiling in time, the US Treasury would begin to run out of money to meet all US obligations and slip towards a historic default.

Such a scenario could badly damage the US recovery, saddle American consumers with higher interest payments and send economic shockwaves into fragile global economies.

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A Capitol Hill police officer in the rotunda of the Capitol building (AP Photo/Evan Vucci)

In Asia, stocks fell early today as investors kept an eye on the American impasse.

Hopes for an exit strategy rest with talks between Senate majority leader Harry Reid and Republican minority leader Mitch McConnell.

Last-ditch talks

The two old foes saddled up after maneuvering by the House on Tuesday dissolved in chaos. Republican Speaker John Boehner proved unable to win support from his caucus and unwilling to use minority Democratic votes to raise the debt ceiling and re-open the US government after a two week shutdown.

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A trolley loaded with pizza is brought towards the office of John Boehner last night (AP Photo/Carolyn Kaster)

In the face of the deadline, the US political system, divided between Obama’s Democrats and Republicans who run the House, has virtually ground to a halt.

Major world powers have been left looking on in dismay at the brinkmanship in Washington, unable to do anything to protect their own economic interests, with many deeply invested in US Treasuries — hitherto seen as one of the safest global safe havens.

Amid rising anxiety on the markets, the financial rating agency Fitch put the United States on warning for a downgrade from its top-grade AAA spot.

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A member of the Secret Service stands inside a buffer zone to keep people away from the White House perimeter fence (AP Photo/Carolyn Kaster)

Despite the deepening impasse, Obama said he still expected the issue would be resolved in the end.

Resolution?

“My expectation is that this gets solved, but we don’t have a lot of time,” he told an ABC television affiliate in New York.

What I’m suggesting to the congressional caucus is to avoid any posturing … do what’s right, open the government and make sure we pay our bills.

What was essentially a wasted day, with precious few hours to spare on Tuesday, unfolded as House Republicans tried to extend US borrowing authority until February 7 and re-open the government until December 15.

Several draft bills would have constrained aspects of Obama’s signature health care law — and in effect stood no chance to pass the Democratic-led Senate.

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Politicians after a planned vote in the House of Representatives collapsed yesterday (AP Photo/J Scott Applewhite)

But Boehner used the measures to try to corral the Tea Party faction and to pressure the Senate — but in the end was unable to amass sufficient Republican votes to even put the measures on the floor.

Senate talks, which had been on hold all day pending developments in the House, were quickly resumed on Tuesday evening.

Optimism – but will it actually work?

Leadership aides on both sides said they were “optimistic” that an agreement was in reach.

“We’re making very, very good progress, we’re not there yet, but we’re getting real close,” said Democratic Senator Chuck Schumer.

“I think the markets should feel pretty good about what’s going on here tonight.”

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The US Capitol building at dusk last night (AP Phoo/Evan Vucci)

Republican Representative Charlie Dent of Pennsylvania told CNN:

I believe that John Boehner will likely be in a position where he will have to essentially pass the bill that is negotiated between senators McConnell and Reid, and I believe that the House will first pass it and send it to the Senate.

The likely Senate deal would require Democrats to make a minor concession on Obamacare. But the provision would fall well short of the drive to delay or defund the historic law which prompted Republicans to launch the government shutdown strategy and to use the debt ceiling hike as leverage.

Accusations

Earlier, Reid furiously accused Boehner of seeking to save his own political skin at the expense of the United States.

“Let’s be clear: The House legislation will not pass the Senate,” Reid said.

I am very disappointed with John Boehner, who would once again try to preserve his role at the expense of the country.

Boehner may once again today be left with the unenviable choice that has come to define his speakership in Washington’s divided government.

Does he stick with the Tea Party faction of his party, and possibly save his job but risk culpability in sending the US economy into a first default of modern times?

Or does he try to pass a compromise plan acceptable to Senate Democrats and Obama, with the help of minority Democratic votes — a scenario that could fritter away his party power-base and possibly cost him his job?

- © AFP, 2013

Read: Senate leaders optimistic on US debt ceiling deal >

Read: Democrats plan to force Republicans into showdown on debt ceiling >

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