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Dublin: 14 °C Friday 19 September, 2014

Game of Thrones has people flocking to Northern Ireland

Recognise the King’s Road and the Iron Isles?

Britain Northern Ireland Game of Thrones

Tourists pose for photographs on the North Antrim Coast close to Carrick-a-Rede Rope Bridge lies Larrybane headland.

Source: AP

GIANTS, DRAGONS AND vengeful queens have for generations populated Northern Ireland’s folk tales.

Now, such creatures are visiting the land in a different version — on the sets for Game of Thrones.

But rather than spells and destruction, they’re bringing an economic boost to a country still healing from its past of political violence.

Fans of the HBO fantasy drama would recognise here the landscapes from the fictional land of Westeros — the castle of Winterfell, the seaside cliffs of the Iron Isles and the King’s Road leading to the north.

About 75% of the show is filmed in Northern Ireland, both in natural settings and in the Titanic Studios in Belfast.

Britain Northern Ireland Game of Thrones

Source: AP

Since the pilot episode began filming in 2009, attracted by the local government’s financial incentives, the show’s presence has helped foster a film industry that is catching the eye of other Hollywood productions.

And Northern Ireland is taking advantage of the attention by promoting the filming locations as tourist destinations.

The latest — and perhaps most illustrious — visitor is Queen Elizabeth II, who toured the studio sets last Monday. But thousands have already been visiting from across the globe.

Britain Northern Ireland Game of Thrones

Cara and Tom Collins from Springdale, Arkansas, were in Ballintoy Harbour recently to see the rocky coastal setting used in the show for the ‘Iron Isles,’ a kingdom of rugged sailors.

“You can just close your eyes and picture everybody there,” said Tom.

Millions of viewers

The season four finale of Game of Thrones was watched by 7.09 million viewers in the United States according to prime-time viewership numbers complied by the Nielson Co. That makes it HBO’s most-watched program since The Sopranos in 2007.

But the numbers are likely higher since TV audience habits have changed since 2007 and Game of Thrones has fans globally who watch on local networks and via DVD or streaming services.

Britain Northern Ireland Game of Thrones

Source: AP

For Northern Ireland’s tourism industry, that represents a huge pool of potential visitors.

It hopes to use the show’s popularity to increase the number of tourists to over two million annually by 2016, from 1.8 million in 2013 — more than the region’s population of just 1.8 million.

Coach operators have created Game of Thrones tours, for which demand hit a record as the show reached its season finale this month.

“They are using some of our most iconic scenery in ‘Game of Thrones’ which is excellent,” said Arlene Foster, minister for enterprise, trade and investment.

Beyond tourism, the direct employment of local workers has been very important for the local economy, she said.

Knock-on effects of the show

At the end of series four, HBO is estimated to have spent about £87.6 million in the local economy making the show.

The benefits are likely much higher when including other factors, such as the knock-on benefits from higher employment.

Britain Northern Ireland Game of Thrones

Source: AP

“This is a sector that we think has the potential to really grow” said Foster. “Around the HBO facility and studios will grow a skills base that others can use.”

Holywood is a small seaside town near Belfast that may lack the glamour of Beverly Hills, but is gaining a movie-making reputation of its own.

Yellow Moon, a production facility based there, has enjoyed strong growth and doubled its workforce by being involved with Game of Thrones.

Britain Northern Ireland Game of Thrones

Source: AP

“HBO were a big catalyst in changing perceptions of what could be done in Northern Ireland. As the Americans say, it was a game changer,” said Managing Director Greg Darby.

Five years ago, 80% of Yellow Moon’s work was for local broadcasters, and just 20 percent for productions based in the UK or further afield. Now, 70% of their work is commissioned outside Northern Ireland.

“‘Game of Thrones’ are directly or indirectly responsible for 80 percent of the people that we have taken on in the last three years, because if they didn’t come we wouldn’t have the other work,” said Darby.

Britain Northern Ireland Game of Thrones

Source: AP

Scott Ferguson’s story illustrates what Game of Thrones means for young creative people in Northern Ireland.

He dreamt of being a film editor, but his first experience in the industry failed to lead to more work, so he took a job in a bank.

Then five years ago a government training scheme lead to a placement at Yellow Moon and he is now a colourist on the show, adding mood and tone to the images in post-production, and on his way to becoming an expert in his field.

Ferguson is confident that people like him will no longer need to emigrate to seek work in film and TV, now that Northern Ireland’s reputation as a production hub is growing.

Britain Northern Ireland Game of Thrones

Source: AP

“We have world class facilities, and we now have a world class crew. We have a shooting crew and we have a post crew who have worked on the biggest, most watched, most successful TV show that has been around for a while,” he said.

Statistics can’t do justice to the Game of Thrones effect on Northern Ireland’s economy, said economist Graham Brownlow, from Queens University Belfast.

He says the show is helping to improve the province’s international image, which for decades had become synonymous with political violence and economic stagnation.

dark hedges AP Photo Peter Morrison

Beech trees at Dark Hedges, 50 miles North from Belfast. The avenue featured in season 2 of the Game of Thrones as Ayra Stark makes her escape from Kings landing.

Source: AP Photo/Peter Morrison

“The real benefits that Northern Ireland secures are the things that are most difficult to measure” he explained.

By creating a critical mass for film and TV productions it creates a good image for Northern Ireland, which stimulates further production in Northern Ireland, which improves the image of Northern Ireland.

That ‘critical mass’ now includes Dracula Untold, a Universal Pictures movie with an October 2014 release date and Ridley Scott’s new Halo feature, which is also expected to be released before the end of the year.

These and other features will need best boys, wardrobe assistants, carpenters, camera operators and colourists and Northern Ireland’s new local talent pool will be only too happy to oblige.

Read: Queen Elizabeth is going to visit the set of Game of Thrones>

Read: Game of Thrones is ending tonight, and its fans are basically inconsolable>

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