We need your help now

Support from readers like you keeps The Journal open.

You are visiting us because we have something you value. Independent, unbiased news that tells the truth. Advertising revenue goes some way to support our mission, but this year it has not been enough.

If you've seen value in our reporting, please contribute what you can, so we can continue to produce accurate and meaningful journalism. For everyone who needs it.


Court quadruples compensation to €34,000 for accountant sacked for failing exam

The civil court has upped a compensation claim for sacked trainee accountant Peter Nowak from the €7,500 he received from the Employment Appeals Tribunal.

shutterstock_178438949 (1) Shutterstock / Minerva Studio Shutterstock / Minerva Studio / Minerva Studio

A TRAINEE ACCOUNTANT has seen an award of compensation by the Employment Appeals Tribunal for unfair dismissal more than quadrupled in the Circuit Civil Court.

Peter Nowak had appealed the decision of the Tribunal which last year found he had been unfairly dismissed by international accountancy firm PriceWaterhouseCoopers Services, awarding him €7,500 compensation. Judge Francis Comerford today awarded him €34,000.

Judge Comerford said Nowak, who became a trainee with the firm in 2006, was dismissed in 2009 after he failed to pass an examination with the Institute of Chartered Accountants of Ireland.

Nowak had signed an open-ended employment contract with the firm in 2006 to work as a trainee accountant in the business advisory services department. He had later been asked to sign a training contract for a three-and-a-half year period.

Judge Comerford said PriceWaterhouseCoopers claimed that it was a term of Nowak’s employment that he pass three examinations required to become a Associate of the Institute of Chartered Accountants of Ireland.

The employer claimed the contract stated that it could terminate the employment if Nowak failed any year’s examination. Novak, who represented himself in court, denied this and claimed he was entitled to continue his employment with the firm.

PriceWaterhouseCoopers claimed that after Nowak failed the examination in summer 2008 and again the following autumn, they had written telling him they were willing to support him for one final attempt. His employment had been terminated when he had failed again in 2009.


Nowak claimed the Institute allowed students six attempts to pass the exams. PriceWaterhouseCoopers had argued that it had decided in 2006 to allow trainees two opportunities to sit the exams.

The judge said he was satisfied that Nowak’s contract of employment did not expressly state that it could be terminated if he failed to pass an examination.

“The employer has failed to establish the existence of the contractual provision upon which it relied to dismiss him. The dismissal being based on the assertion of an entitlement that did not exist was unfair,” the judge said.

Judge Comerford said clearly worded contracts could have ensured that what was intended by the employer was understood and accepted by Nowak. He was of the view the documentation was inadequate and unclear.

The judge said Nowak, who has been unemployed since his dismissal seven years ago, should have taken steps to secure some employment and found that reinstating him in his previous position was not appropriate.

Court of Justice

“The clear evidence of Nowak was that he was more concerned with establishing that he had actually passed the examination and intends proceeding to the European Court of Justice with his claim to obtain copies of the examination scripts,” Judge Comerford said.

Nowak claimed he passed the examination and had asked to see his exam scripts and felt he was entitled to access his exam papers under the Data Protection Acts.

The Institute refused, stating it was not obliged to do so as the exam papers did not constitute personal data. Nowak later sought the assistance of the Data Protection Commissioner, who had agreed with the Institute.

Nowak challenged that decision through the Circuit Court, the High Court, the Court of Appeal and the Supreme Court which, in May, referred the case to European Court of Justice claiming it needed guidance as to whether an exam script constitutes personal data.

Read: Woman who tried to jab Luas driver in the eye with broken bottle has jail term cut on appeal

Read: Teenager who took part in “terrifying” assault of Dublin boy who was stabbed avoids jail

Readers like you are keeping these stories free for everyone...
A mix of advertising and supporting contributions helps keep paywalls away from valuable information like this article. Over 5,000 readers like you have already stepped up and support us with a monthly payment or a once-off donation.

Your Voice
Readers Comments
    Submit a report
    Please help us understand how this comment violates our community guidelines.
    Thank you for the feedback
    Your feedback has been sent to our team for review.