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Voting under way in highly polarised Brazilian election

The race pits incumbent President Jair Bolsonaro against his political nemesis, former president Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva.

Supporters of Brazil’s former president Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva attend a campaign rally in Sao Paulo a day ahead of the country’s general election
Supporters of Brazil’s former president Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva attend a campaign rally in Sao Paulo a day ahead of the country’s general election
Image: Andre Penner/AP

Updated Oct 2nd 2022, 2:40 PM

BRAZILIANS ARE VOTING in a polarising presidential election today, with leftist front-runner Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva vowing to get Brazil “back to normal” amid fears far-right incumbent Jair Bolsonaro will not accept a defeat.

Lula, who led Brazil in the 2000s and is seeking to make a comeback at 76, voted in his bastion in the southeastern state of Sao Paulo, saying he wanted “a country at peace” after four years under Bolsonaro.

“We don’t want more hate, more discord,” said the ex-president (2003-2010), kissing the paper slip given to voters after casting his ballot in a dark suit and button-up shirt.
brazil-elections Former Brazilian president Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva greets supporters in Salvador Source: Raphael Muller/PA
Bolsonaro, for his part, voted in Rio de Janeiro in a T-shirt with the yellow-and-green of the national flag, telling reporters the results must be respected if elections are “clean.”

The 67-year-old incumbent, who has repeatedly alleged Brazil’s electronic voting system is plagued by fraud – without evidence – did not directly answer journalists’ questions on whether he would respect the result if he loses, saying he was confident he would win despite opinion polls showing Lula with a double-digit lead.
brazil-elections Brazilian president Jair Bolsonaro greets supporters in Pocos de Caldas Source: Andre Penner/PA
The campaign has left the Latin American giant deeply divided.

Lula went into Sunday leading Bolsonaro with 50 percent of valid votes to 36 percent, according to a final poll from the Datafolha institute.

This put Lula within arm’s reach of the outcome needed to win outright and avoid a runoff on October 30: half of valid votes cast, plus one.

Bolsonaro’s attacks on the voting system have raised fears of a Brazilian version of the riots at the US Capitol last year after his political role model, former president Donald Trump, refused to accept his election loss.

Trump gave Bolsonaro a last-minute endorsement, calling him a “fantastic leader” and “one of the great presidents of any country in the world” in a video posted on social media.

‘Some kind of turmoil’
Casting her vote in the capital, Brasilia, housewife Aldeyze dos Santos, 40, told AFP she supports Bolsonaro because “I’m a Christian, I only vote for candidates who are for what’s in the Bible.”

In Rio, retired psychologist Katia Ferrari, 67, said: “I hate Bolsonaro.”

“In Lula’s time, things were much better, no matter if he stole … everyone steals,” she said in an allusion to Lula’s controversial graft conviction, later overturned.

Political analyst Adriano Laureno said it is likely Bolsonaro will try to contest the result if he loses.
brazil-elections Electoral workers prepare electronic voting machines for distribution to polling stations in Rio de Janeiro Source: Matias Delacroix/PA
“But that doesn’t mean he’ll succeed,” added Laureno, of consulting firm Prospectiva.

“The international community will recognize the result quickly … There might be some kind of turmoil and uncertainty around the transition, but there’s no risk of a democratic rupture.”

More than 500,000 security-force members were deployed to keep the peace Sunday, the government said.

Heavyweight bout
Lula, the ex-metalworker who rose from destitute poverty to become the most popular president in Brazilian history, is seeking to stage a return after falling spectacularly from grace and spending 18 months in jail.

Convicted in a massive graft scheme involving state-run oil company Petrobras, Lula regained the right to run for office last year when the Supreme Court annulled his convictions.

Bolsonaro, who swept to office in 2018 on a wave of anti-establishment outrage, has since lost much of his outsider shine.

Vowing to defend “God, country and family,” the ex-army captain retains the die-hard backing of his “Bibles, bullets and beef” base — Evangelical Christians, security hardliners and the powerful agribusiness sector.

But he has lost moderate voters with his management of the weak economy, his vitriolic attacks on lawmakers, the courts and the press, a surge in Amazon rainforest destruction, and his failure to contain the devastation of Covid-19, which has claimed more than 685,000 lives in Brazil.

Many voters are deeply disillusioned with both contenders — and the lack of alternatives — in a race where none of the other nine candidates managed to break out of single digits in the polls.

Brazil’s 156 million voters are also electing the lower house of Congress, one-third of the Senate, and governors and state legislators in all 27 states.

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