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Theresa May will trigger Article 50 next Wednesday

Britain will formally announce its intention to leave the EU on 29 March.

Updated at 5pm 

BRITAIN HAS SAID it will begin leaving the European Union on Wednesday next week, setting an historic and uncharted course to become the first country to withdraw from the bloc by March 2019.

Nine months after the stunning referendum vote for Brexit, Prime Minister Theresa May’s government will finally trigger Article 50 of the EU’s Lisbon Treaty next week, starting a two-year exit process.

“We are on the threshold of the most important negotiation for this country for a generation,” said Brexit minister David Davis.

The European Commission said immediately that it was ready to begin negotiations, although a source in Brussels said it would take “four to six weeks” to arrange a summit to agree a common EU position.

Britain has said it wants to agree its divorce and a new relationship with Europe within the two years.

The deal would have to be agreed by all the EU’s national and some regional parliaments.

May’s Downing Street office repeated today that a deal is possible, although lawmakers have warned her government to prepare for failure – and for Britain to crash out of the EU with no agreement in place.

Special EU summit 

The prime minister has long said she would start the Article 50 process by the end of this month.

Britain’s ambassador to the EU, Tim Barrow, this morning informed the office of EU President Donald Tusk that it would do so on March 29, her spokesman told reporters.

“We wish the talks to begin promptly, but we fully respect that the 27 (other EU nations) will want to agree their position in advance,” the spokesman said.

The notification of Article 50 will take the form of a letter to Tusk, followed by a statement by May to MPs in the House of Commons.

Tusk has said he would issue draft guidelines for the negotiations within 48 hours, although these will need to be approved by EU leaders.

A special summit had been pencilled in for April 6 but Britain’s timetable means this has now been pushed back to late April or early May, a European source told AFP on condition of anonymity.

“We expect to need approximately four to six weeks to prepare and consult with the EU 27 member states,” the source said.

Britain’s path will be set just days after the EU celebrates the 60th anniversary of its founding Treaty of Rome with a special summit on March 25, which May will not be attending.

European Commission chief negotiator Michel Barnier will spearhead the talks with London.

“We are ready to begin negotiations,” Margaritis Schinas, the spokesman for European Commission chief Jean-Claude Juncker, told a briefing.

The British government says the Brexit process is irreversible once Article 50 is triggered, although experts have said there is no legal ban on member states changing their minds before they have actually left the EU.

‘New positive partnership’

May’s preparations for Brexit were wrong-footed last week when Scottish First Minister Nicola Sturgeon announced plans to hold a new independence referendum in order to keep EU ties.

The prime minister is expected to visit Scotland before triggering Article 50, as part of a tour of Britain that began today in Wales and will also take in Northern Ireland.

“The government is clear in its aims: a deal that works for every nation and region of the UK and indeed for all of Europe – a new, positive partnership between the UK and our friends and allies in the European Union,” Davis said.

Scotland and Northern Ireland voted to stay in the EU in the June 23 referendum, while England and Wales voted to leave, resulting in a UK-wide vote of 52 percent for Brexit, and 48 percent against.

- © AFP, 2017

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