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UK Supreme Court rules Brexit must be approved by Parliament

The UK Supreme Court had been expected to back up the High Court’s previous decision that Parliament must vote on whether or not to invoke Article 50.

sky1 The UK Supreme Court giving its judgement this morning Source: Youtube

Updated 09.38

THE UK SUPREME Court has ruled that Britain must put the triggering of Article 50 before Parliament before Brexit can happen.

The court ruled by a majority of eight votes to three in favour of upholding the same decision previously decided by the High Court.

However, the Government will not have to consult with the devolved assemblies in Wales, Scotland, and Northern Ireland before acting.

Outlining the reasoning behind the judgement, president of the Supreme Court Lord David Neuberger said that as things stand the European Communities Act (ECA) ruled that EU law takes precedence over Britain’s domestic laws.

As such, a withdrawal from the EU would fundamentally affect the UK’s constitution, something which “renders it impermissible for the Government to withdraw from the EU Treaties without prior Parliamentary authority”.

“The 2016 referendum is of great political significance. However, its legal significance is determined by what Parliament included in the statute authorising it, and that statute simply provided for the referendum to be held without specifying the consequences,” Neuberger said.

The change in the law required to implement the referendum’s outcome must be made in the only way permitted by the UK constitution, namely by legislation.

Within the three dissenting judgements, the point was made that European law could only be supreme in the UK on condition of Britain actually wishing to be a member of the EU.

The full judgement can be read here.

Voting as expected

The 11 Supreme Court judges were expected to rule against the government in a move which could delay Prime Minister Theresa May triggering Article 50 of the EU’s Lisbon Treaty, which would formally begin exit negotiations.

Today’s decision follows a High Court ruling against the government last November, in a case which attracted protests and abuse against the lead claimant.

Businesswoman Gina Miller said she has suffered death threats and racist taunts since bringing the case.

“Things that were considered unacceptable are now acceptable,” she told AFP ahead of the Supreme Court decision.

Anger was also directed at the High Court judges following their decision, being branded “Enemies of the People” by one newspaper.

The legal challenge has tapped into divisions within British society after the June referendum which saw 52% vote to leave the EU.

Brexiteers have claimed the case is an attempt to block Britain’s departure from the European Union, but MPs are not expected to vote against triggering Article 50.

If they lose the case ministers are preparing to rush emergency legislation through the Houses of Commons and Lords – and the opposition Labour party has promised not to block it.

Brexit Theresa May Source: PA Wire/PA Images

“Even if the Supreme Court rules that May cannot bypass parliament in Westminster, parliamentarians will be unlikely to go against the vote of the British people and block Brexit,” said Agata Gostynska-Jakubowska, a research fellow at the Centre for European Reform.

Labour party leader Jeremy Corbyn has however said he will take the chance to table amendments to the bill, including maintaining access to Europe’s single market.

Such a move would go against the premier’s plan for a “hard Brexit” announced last week, through which May said Britain will leave the single market in order to control EU immigration.

Scotland to have a say?

Opposition amendments could delay May’s timetable to trigger Brexit talks by the end of March, but the Supreme Court could further scupper her plans.

Judges are also set to rule on whether the devolved governments in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland must have a say on the prime minister’s plan.

Gostynska-Jakubowska said May could find it difficult to trigger Article 50 by her March deadline if the judges demand greater involvement from the devolved nations, while deeming such an outcome unlikely.

While Wales voted for Brexit, a majority in Northern Ireland and Scotland voted to remain in the EU.

Northern Ireland is facing its own political turmoil with snap elections on March 2 after the power-sharing executive in Belfast collapsed earlier this month.

The pro-EU Scottish National Party, meanwhile, has 54 MPs in the 650-seat House of Commons and also controls the government in Edinburgh.

Kathleen Brooks, an analyst at City Index Direct, said giving greater power to the devolved governments would be the “worst outcome” for May at the Supreme Court.

“This outcome would likely delay the UK’s Brexit plans, and, trigger the break-up of the UK, especially if it leads to another independence referendum in Scotland,” she said.

Additional reporting © – AFP, 2017

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