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Dublin: 10°C Monday 23 May 2022

Number of dual Irish citizens living here up by almost 90% over five years

New figures from Census 2016 have been released.

A citizenship ceremonies in Dublin's Convention Centre earlier this year.
A citizenship ceremonies in Dublin's Convention Centre earlier this year.
Image: Sam Boal

OVER THE PAST five years, the number of people in living Ireland holding dual-citizenship (Irish and another country) has increased by 87.4% to 104,784 persons.

The stat was revealed by the Central Statistics Office (CSO) after it released more information taken from last year’s Census.

Irish-Americans (17,552 people) were the largest group holding dual-citizenship here followed by followed by Irish-UK (15,428) and Irish-Polish (9,273).

The Census figures also revealed that, while the number of people holding dual-citizenship has increased, the number of non-Irish nationals living here has fallen.

The Census recorded 535,475 non-Irish nationals living in the country, a 1.6% decrease on the previous census figure in 2011 of 544,357.

Non-Irish nationals living here come from 200 different nations but only 12 of those nations have communities here of at least 10,000 people.

Polish nationals were the largest group of non-Irish nationals living here with 122,515 people. This is followed by the UK with 103,113 people and Lithuania with 36,552 people.

The other nations with over 10,000 people are Brazil, France, Germany, India, Italy, Latvia, Romania Spain and the USA.

Dublin city is home to almost 92,000 of the non-Irish nationals living here with Fingal in Dublin and Cork county being home to over 40,000 each.

Among the cities, Galway was found to be the most multicultural with 18.6% of its resident population recorded as non-Irish.

Among Irish towns, Ballyhaunis in Mayo had the highest proportion of non-Irish nationals with 941 persons representing 39.5% of its population.

The two next highest were both in Longford, Edgeworthstown with 32.3% (667 persons) and Ballymahon with 32.1% (599 persons).

The Census also showed that non-Irish nationals account for 14.9% of the workforce in this country.

A total of 293,830 non-Irish nationals are working here, almost half of whom work in four main sectors, namely: retail, hospitality, manufacturing and healthcare.

The unemployment rate among non-Irish nationals was 15.4%, compared with a rate of 12.6% among the Irish population.


The Census found that 612,018 people living here spoke a language other than Irish or English at home with Polish, Lithuanian, Romanian and Portuguese the most common of those languages.

Non-Irish nationals are also younger on average than Irish nationals here, according to the Census. Nearly half of all non-Irish nationals were aged between 25 and 42 years compared with less than a quarter of Irish nationals.

There are also fewer elderly non-Irish nationals living here. Fewer than 5% of the non-Irish population is over 65, this is in sharp contrast to nearly 15% for Irish nationals.

Further details of the diversity profile of people living here are available on the CSO’s Census 2016 website.

Read: There’s been a 31% increase in work commutes that are over an hour long >

Read: Census 2016: Nearly one in five homeless adults have a job >

About the author:

Rónán Duffy

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