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China relaxed its one-child policy - now there's a baby boom

Almost 12 million Chinese babies were born in the first eight months of the year.

The one-child policy was introduced in the 1970s and was so successful it raised fears about an aging population.
The one-child policy was introduced in the 1970s and was so successful it raised fears about an aging population.
Image: Shutterstock/stockvideoshooter

OVER HALF THE babies born in China in the first eight months of 2017 were second children after the relaxation of the longstanding one-child rule.

The number of parents choosing to have a second child has surged since Beijing loosened strict caps on family size in January 2016 to try to rejuvenate the ageing labour force.

Some 52%  of the 11.6 million babies born between January and August have an older sibling, said the state news agency Xinhua, citing Wang Peian, deputy head of the National Health and Family Planning Commission.

That compares to about 45% in 2016, when 18.5 million babies were born in hospital, the highest since 2000, according to the report.

Last year’s baby boom was thought to be partly due to the relaxation of the one-child policy, but also because 2016 was the lunar year of the monkey — considered a particularly auspicious zodiac sign to be born under.

Since the late 1970s the world’s most populous country had restricted most couples to only a single child, with violators facing fines and even forced abortions.

But concern about an ageing population and a shrinking workforce saw the country loosen the policy at the beginning of 2016.

While some parents had long been allowed more than one child, the change allowed every family a second.

Wang said China plans a range of new policies to support the second child agenda, including on tax, housing and employment.

The report said China had allocated some 2.9 billion yuan (€378 million) to build maternity and pediatric hospitals last year and plans to add 140,000 more obstetricians and midwives by 2020.

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Rónán Duffy

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