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North Korea moves missile to its coast, increasing tensions

“The North is apparently intent on firing missiles without prior warning,” a South Korean official said.

Photographs show a North Korean soldier (left) watching South Korea at a border town, and South Korean soldiers (right) placing a camouflage net over their military vehicle
Photographs show a North Korean soldier (left) watching South Korea at a border town, and South Korean soldiers (right) placing a camouflage net over their military vehicle
Image: AP Photo/Yonhap, Lee Jong-hoon (left); Lee Jin-man

NORTH KOREA HAS moved a second mid-range missile to its east coast and loaded both on mobile launchers, a report said today, fuelling fears of an imminent firing that will further ramp up tensions.

Yonhap news agency, citing a top South Korean official, said two intermediate Musudan missiles had been transported by train earlier in the week and “loaded on vehicles equipped with launch pads”.

The Defence Ministry, which on Thursday had confirmed the movement of one missile with “considerable range”, declined to comment on the new report.

It was the latest incremental move by North Korea which, incensed at fresh UN sanctions and South Korea-US military drills, has issued a series of apocalyptic threats of nuclear war in recent weeks.

White House spokesman Jay Carney said on Thursday the barrage of rhetoric fitted a “regrettable but familiar” pattern of North Korean behaviour.

“We’re taking all the necessary precautions,” Carney said, citing “prudent measures” to respond to the possible missile threat.

The Musudan has never been tested, but is believed to have a range of around 3,000 kilometres, which could theoretically be pushed to 4,000 with a light payload.

That would cover any target in South Korea and Japan, and possibly even reach US military bases located on the Pacific island of Guam.

The official told Yonhap that the mobile launchers had since been hidden in special underground facilities.

“The North is apparently intent on firing the missiles without prior warning,” the official said.

The Pentagon has said it will send missile-interceptor batteries to protect its bases on Guam, a US territory some 3,380 kilometres southeast of North Korea and home to 6,000 American military personnel.

Most experts think the North is not yet capable of mounting a nuclear device on a ballistic missile which could strike US bases or territory.

On Thursday the North Korean army said it had received final approval for military action, possibly involving nuclear weapons, against the threat posed by US B-52 and B-2 stealth bombers participating in joint military drills with South Korea.

“The moment of explosion is approaching fast,” the army’s general staff said.

International concern

Flags flutter on a wire fence near the border village of Panmunjom, dividing the two Koreas. (AP Photo/Lee Jin-man)

The blistering rhetoric has stoked international concern, with UN chief Ban Ki-moon describing the daily threats from Pyongyang as “really alarming and troubling”. He said:

I think they have gone too far in their rhetoric and I am concerned that if by any misjudgement, by any miscalculations… this will have very serious implications.

There has been speculation that Pyongyang might schedule a firing to coincide with the birthday of the country’s late founder Kim Il-Sung in mid-April.

A provocative missile test-fired into the sea over Japan is one scenario that analysts have said the North could choose to exit the crisis with a face-saving show of force.

“A flight test would make sense,” said Daniel Pinkston, a North Korea expert at the International Crisis Group.

“But I’d be surprised if they used an untested missile. At this stage in the game, they don’t want to be firing off something that might disintegrate after 30 seconds,” Pinkston told AFP.

Tensions have soared on the Korean peninsula since December, when the North test-launched a long-range rocket. In February, it conducted its third nuclear test and drew fresh UN sanctions.

Apart from its threats of nuclear attack, the North also warned this week it would reopen its mothballed Yongbyon reactor – its source of weapons-grade plutonium that was closed in 2007 under an aid-for-disarmament accord.

On Thursday, North Korea blocked access to its Kaesong joint industrial zone with South Korea for the second day running, and threatened to pull out its 53,000 workers in a furious reaction to the South’s airing of a “military” contingency plan to protect its own workers there.

The Unification Ministry said there were still 608 South Korean citizens in Kaesong, which was shut Friday for a scheduled North Korean holiday.

- © AFP, 2013

Read: North Korea deploys missiles, says ‘moment of explosion is approaching fast’ >

Read: US deploys missiles as North Korean army gets ‘final approval’ for nuclear attack >

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