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Tuesday 28 November 2023 Dublin: 4°C

Ebola could be the 'humanitarian disaster of our generation'

That’s according to Oxfam, which works in Liberia and Sierra Leone.

Ebola epidemic Jonathan Brady Jonathan Brady

AID AGENCY OXFAM said today that Ebola could become the “definitive humanitarian disaster of our generation”, as US President Barack Obama urged against “hysteria” in the face of the growing crisis.

Oxfam, which works in the two worst-hit countries — Liberia and Sierra Leone — called for more troops, funding and medical staff to be sent to tackle the west African epicentre of the epidemic.

Chief executive Mark Goldring warned that the world was “in the eye of a storm”.

We cannot allow Ebola to immobilise us in fear, but… countries that have failed to commit troops, doctors and enough funding are in danger of costing lives.

The worst-ever outbreak of the deadly virus has so far killed more than 4,500 people, mainly in Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone, but isolated cases have now begun to appear in Europe and the United States.

West Africa Ebola AP / Press Association Images A healthcare worker in protective gear is sprayed with disinfectant after working in an Ebola treatment center in the west of Freetown, Sierra Leone AP / Press Association Images / Press Association Images

“The Ebola crisis could become the definitive humanitarian disaster of our generation,” a spokesperson for the British-based charity said as it appealed for EU foreign ministers meeting in Luxembourg on Monday to do more.

Obama’s warning about hysteria came a day after the World Bank said the battle against the disease was being lost and as the US president named an “Ebola czar” to coordinate Washington’s response.

In Sierra Leone, Defence Minister Alfred Paolo Conteh was put in charge of the fight against the disease as the death toll there rose to 1,200.

In a statement, President Ernest Bai Koroma said the defence minister would “with immediate effect” head a new national Ebola response centre.

Funding for fighting the disease

A global UN appeal for nearly $1 billion (785 billion euros) to fight the spread of the disease has so far fallen short, but a spokesman told AFP more money was coming in daily.

Out of $988 million requested a month ago, the UN said Saturday $385.9 million had already been given by a slew of governments and agencies, with a further $225.8 million promised.

Panic growing

West Africa Ebola AP / Press Association Images A healthcare worker dons protective gear before entering into an Ebola treatment centre in the west of Freetown AP / Press Association Images / Press Association Images

Meanwhile, as panic and Ebola scares spread worldwide, Obama called for patience and perspective.

“This is a serious disease, but we can’t give in to hysteria or fear — because that only makes it harder to get people the accurate information they need. We have to be guided by the science,” Obama said.

Friday saw a number of false alarms in the United States as fears grew, including at the Pentagon, where an entrance was closed after a woman vomited in a parking lot. US authorities later found no evidence that she had contracted Ebola.

“We have to remember the basic facts,” Obama said today.

The United States — where a Liberian man died from Ebola on October 8 and two American nurses who treated him have tested positive — was not seeing an “outbreak” or “epidemic”, Obama stressed.

More “isolated” cases in the country were possible, he conceded. “But we know how to wage this fight.”

The US president played down the idea of a travel ban from west Africa.

“Trying to seal off an entire region of the world — if that were even possible — could actually make the situation worse.”

‘Losing the battle’

Obama’s call for calm was in stark contrast to World Bank chief Jim Yong Kim, who warned yesterday that “we are losing the battle”.

He blamed a lack of international solidarity in efforts to stem the epidemic.

“Certain countries are only worried about their own borders,” he told reporters in Paris, as leaders in Washington and beyond grapple for a coordinated response to the outbreak.

Airports in several countries were taking passengers’ temperatures in a bid to detect Ebola carriers, although experts have expressed doubts about the effectiveness of the checks.

France started carrying out health checks today on Air France passengers arriving from Guinea, where the epidemic began in December, while a cabin crew union called for a halt to flights from Conakry altogether.

The United States, Britain and Canada have already launched screenings at airports for passengers from Ebola-hit zones. The EU is reviewing the matter.

As of October 14, 4,555 people have died from Ebola out of a total of 9,216 cases registered in seven countries, the World Health Organisation said.

- © AFP, 2014

Read: Vintage photos show the terrifying first expeditions into the Congo to track down Ebola>

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