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Saturday 2 December 2023 Dublin: 3°C
Alamy Stock Photo Michel Barnier

Barnier says EU 'must not and will not back down' on Northern Ireland Protocol

Simon Coveney also met with the new NI Secretary Chris Heaton-Harris at Hillsborough Castle today.

LAST UPDATE | Sep 28th 2022, 4:32 PM

THE EU’S FORMER negotiator has said the bloc “must not and will not back down” on the Northern Ireland Protocol.

Michel Barnier said that Brexit was “a unilateral decision by one party with negative impacts for itself, first of all, and for the 27 other member states”.

“Since 2016, the EU has worked to look for technical solutions to the problem created by Brexit,” Barnier said during a speech at Iveagh House in Dublin today.

He said that he worked with “objectivity, without any kind of ideology, just to find rational solutions to the problem created by Brexit, and only by Brexit”.

He said that despite “dogmatism from the consecutive British governments”, an agreement, which includes the Northern Ireland Protocol, was reached.

“The European Union must not and will not back down on the protocol of Ireland and Northern Ireland. We must ask that it be respected by the British government. This is international law.”

The Northern Ireland Protocol, signed by former prime minister Boris Johnson’s government, effectively keeps Northern Ireland aligned with many EU single market rules to avoid a hard border with Ireland, therefore requiring some checks on goods crossing the Irish Sea.

Devolution in the region has been in flux since February when the DUP withdrew its first minister from the governing executive in protest at the economic border created in the Irish Sea by the protocol.

The UK government has introduced legislation which effectively tears up parts of the agreement, sparking a row with the EU.

Barnier also today described Brexit as a “blow” to the European Union, adding it had happened in part due to populism.

“Brexit has been and still is a challenge for Ireland, a challenge for Europe, a blow to the European Union project itself,” he said.

“Brexit is in great part the result of populism. We must be aware that this poison might still arm Europe again.

“But populism must not be mistaken with public opinion or public sentiment.”

‘Serious dialogue’

Earlier today, Foreign Affairs Minister Simon Coveney said there is now a willingness in the British Government to have a “serious dialogue” about solving problems caused by the Northern Ireland Protocol.

Speaking following a meeting with new Northern Ireland Secretary Chris Heaton-Harris at Hillsborough Castle, Co Down, Coveney said the messages coming from London were “quite different” from those of recent months.

Heaton-Harris said that he preferred a negotiated settlement with the EU over the post-Brexit arrangement, but added that the Government would continue with its legislation to override parts of the treaty.

European Commission vice president Maros Sefcovic is due to have a conversation with Foreign Secretary James Cleverly later this week on the issue.

But ahead of that, Coveney said his meeting with Heaton-Harris had focused on rebuilding partnerships, stating the aftermath of Brexit had brought “unnecessary tension”.

northern-ireland-secretary-chris-heaton-harris-and-irish-foreign-affairs-minister-simon-coveney-during-a-press-conference-at-hillsborough-castle-co-down-picture-date-wednesday-september-28-2022 Alamy Stock Photo Foreign Affairs Minister Simon Coveney with Northern Ireland Secretary Chris Heaton-Harris at Hillsborough Castle today Alamy Stock Photo

Speaking about the Northern Ireland Protocol, he said: “We know what the obstacles are, they have been there for too long.

“There are new people effectively in the relationships now.

“It is not a coincidence that the new Prime Minister (Liz Truss) has met President (Ursula) Von Der Lyon, President (Joe) Biden, the Taoiseach (Micheal Martin).

“The conversations, from my understanding, have been positive in terms of trying to find a sensible way forward.

“From an EU perspective, they don’t want this issue to drag on.

“The last thing the EU wants to be doing is taking the British Government to court.”

He added: “What the UK and EU have in common far outweighs what divides us.

“The aftermath of Brexit and the protocol issue has been a source of unnecessary tension that we need to move beyond.

“That puts the onus on us, what does that look like in terms of practical compromise?

“We see the messages coming from London now as quite different from the messages we were getting some months ago.

“We do believe there is a willingness now for an honest and open, serious dialogue about trying to put these issues to rest.

Heaton-Harris said that the Government’s protocol bill was continuing its passage through parliament.

He said: “We want to negotiate a settlement here.

“We want to negotiate with our European partners to find the solutions here.

“But the bill will still go through its processes if that doesn’t work.”

The two ministers said they had also discussed how to restore the Stormont powersharing institutions and controversial government legislation on dealing with the legacy of the Troubles in Northern Ireland.

Heaton-Harris said: “Our joint top priority is doing everything we can to ensure an executive is re-established before an election has to be called.”

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