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Kosovo police officers stand at the closed Merdare border crossing between Kosovo and Serbia. Visar Kryeziu/PA
Western Balkans

Tension soars as Kosovo shuts main border crossing with Serbia

The EU and the US have called on both countries to “refrain from provocations, threats, or intimidation”.

THE EUROPEAN UNION and the United States have urged Kosovo and Serbia to take “immediate” steps to de-escalate tensions amid mounting unrest in their border region.

Kosovo has closed its biggest border crossing with its northern neighbour, police said, after Serbs set up more barricades on their side in one of the region’s worst crises in years.

“We call on everyone to exercise maximum restraint, to take immediate action to unconditionally deescalate the situation, and to refrain from provocations, threats, or intimidation,” the EU and US said in a joint statement.

Kosovo declared independence from Serbia in 2008, but Belgrade has refused to recognise it and encouraged Kosovo’s 120,000 ethnic Serbs to defy Pristina’s authority – especially in the north where ethnic Serbs make up the majority.

The latest trouble erupted on 10 December, when ethnic Serbs put up barricades to protest the arrest of an ex-policeman suspected of being involved in attacks against ethnic Albanian police officers – effectively sealing off traffic on two border crossings.

After the roadblocks were erected, Kosovar police and international peacekeepers were attacked in several shooting incidents, while the Serbian armed forces were put on heightened alert this week.

Late Tuesday, dozens of demonstrators on the Serbian side of the border used trucks and tractors to halt traffic leading to Merdare, the biggest crossing between the neighbours – a move which forced Kosovo police to close the entry point today.

“Such an illegal blockade has prevented the free movement and circulation of people and goods, therefore we invite our citizens and compatriots to use other border points for circulation,” Kosovo police said in a statement.

Pristina also asked NATO-led peacekeepers to clear the barricades that were erected on Kosovo soil.

Serbian Defence Minister Milos Vucevic today said Belgrade was “ready for a deal”, but did not specify other details.

Vucevic described the roadblocks as a “democratic and peaceful” means of protest and added that Serbia has “an open line of communication” with Western diplomats on resolving the issue.

“We are all worried about the situation and where all this is going… Serbia is ready for a deal,” Vucevic told state-controlled public broadcaster RTS.

Russia backs ally Serbia

Northern Kosovo has been on edge since November when hundreds of ethnic Serb workers in the Kosovo police as well as the judicial branch, including judges and prosecutors, walked off the job.

They were protesting a controversial decision to ban Serbs living in Kosovo from using Belgrade-issued vehicle licence plates – a policy that was eventually scrapped by Pristina.

The mass walkouts created a security vacuum in Kosovo, which Pristina tried to fill by deploying ethnic Albanian police officers in the region.

Russia today voiced support for its ally Serbia and said it was “very closely” following the developments while Germany warned against heightened military presence near the Kosovo border.

“We support Belgrade in all the actions that are being taken,” Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov told reporters today.

He added however that “Serbia is a sovereign country and it is fundamentally wrong to look for some kind of destructive influence of Russia here”.

According to Peskov, “Serbia is defending the rights of Serbs who live nearby in difficult conditions. Naturally they react harshly when these rights are violated.”

But, for Germany “heightened military presence near the Serbian border to Kosovo sends a completely wrong signal”.

“Nationalist rhetoric that we have heard from Serbia in the last few weeks is completely unacceptable,” foreign ministry spokesman Christofer Burger said.

Berlin also urged Belgrade to help remove “illegal” barricades set up by Serbs in northern Kosovo.

The EU and several international ambassadors this week condemned four recent attacks against journalists who were covering the flare-up.

Kosovo’s 1.8 million population is predominantly ethnic Albanian.

© AFP 2022

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