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European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen and Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy speaking during a joint press conference today Natacha Pisarenko
eu application

EU set to decide on Ukraine's bid to join bloc next week, says von der Leyen

Following Russia’s invasion, Zelenskyy started pushing for Ukraine’s rapid admission into the European Union.

UKRAINE’S BID TO become a candidate to join the EU will get a clear signal next week, the bloc’s chief Ursula von der Leyen said today on a surprise visit to Kyiv.

Von der Leyen said talks she held with Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy “will enable us to finalise our assessment by the end of next week”.

It was the first time the EU has publicly given timing on when the commission will deliver its opinion. The bloc’s 27 member countries need to decide whether to allow Ukraine to start accession negotiations.

Shortly after Russian’s February invasion, Zelenskyy started pushing for Ukraine’s rapid admission into the European Union and has demanded an answer on its candidacy before the end of this month.

But officials and leaders in the bloc caution that, even with candidacy status, actual EU membership could take years or even decades.

The process is extremely long and detailed, with multiple significant stages of negotiations and it requires all member states to sign off on the final deal.

Ukraine sees the prospect of joining the EU as a way of reducing its geopolitical vulnerability, which has been exposed by Russia’s war inside its borders.

Von der Leyen, appearing alongside Zelenskyy for a brief declaration to media, did not hold out any promises.

“You have done a lot in strengthening the rule of law, but there still need to be reforms implemented, to fight corruption for example or to modernise this well-functioning administration, to help attract investors,” she noted.

Instead she focused more on the future reconstruction of Ukraine, once the war has ended.

That, von der Leyen said, “should be a process that is fully owned by Ukraine”, with the EU standing by to help and to contribute to a roadmap “to support Ukraine in pursuing its European path”.

There are expectations that Ukraine’s EU candidacy status will be green lit at an EU leaders’ summit taking place on June 23-24 — though with stern conditions attached.

Several EU countries, including Sweden, Denmark and the Netherlands, are reluctant to give their nod and Germany has not set out its position.

Some have concerns with Ukraine’s problem with corruption documented before the war, and the fact that other countries such as North Macedonia and Albania are already further along the EU candidacy path.

‘European family’

EU officials will pore over Ukraine’s bid next week, with von der Leyen and her commissioners getting together on Friday to unveil their opinion ahead of the summit a week later.

Von der Leyen’s trip to Kyiv was her second since the Russian invasion in late February.

Her last one, on 8 April, was to hand Zelenskyy a questionnaire his officials needed to fill to provide details that would help inform the European Commission’s opinion it has to give to the European Council, representing the EU’s member states.

On that April visit, von der Leyen said “Ukraine belongs to the European family”.

The European Union is helping channel weapons to Ukraine through a €2 billion fund and has given it more than €700 million in aid and in-kind assistance since the invasion.

It has also slapped six rounds of sanctions on Russia, including against its coal and oil sent to the bloc, and against oligarchs close to President Vladimir Putin and media outlets deemed to be propagandising the war.

EU countries are hosting nearly five million Ukrainian refugees who have fled the war.

© AFP 2022

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