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Dublin: 12 °C Saturday 23 August, 2014

French court rejects 75 per cent tax rate for millionaires

The move is a blow for French president Francois Hollande who had made the planned 75 per cent tax rate his centrepiece tax measure.

Gerard Depardieu. Not a fan of high tax rates.
Gerard Depardieu. Not a fan of high tax rates.
Image: AP Photo/Gero Breloer

FRANCE’S TOP CONSTITUTIONAL body has struck down a 75 per cent upper income tax rate, dealing a major blow to Socialist President Francois Hollande, who had made it his centrepiece tax measure.

The government vowed to push ahead with the tax rate, which would apply to incomes over €1 million a year, and propose a new measure that would conform with the constitution.

The tax rate had angered business leaders and prompted some wealthy French citizens to seek tax exile abroad, including actor Gerard Depardieu who recently took up residency in Belgium.

The Constitutional Council said in its ruling that the temporary two-year tax rate, due to take effect next year, was unconstitutional because unlike other forms of income tax it applied to individuals instead of whole households.

As a result, the council said, the tax rate “failed to recognise equality before public burdens”.

Though largely symbolic – it would have applied to only about 1,500 individuals – the Socialists said the tax rate was aimed at making the ultra-rich contribute more to tackling France’s budget deficit.

It was a flagship promise of the election campaign that saw Hollande defeat right-winger Nicolas Sarkozy in May.

“The government will propose a new system that conforms with the principles laid down by the decision of the Constitutional Council. It will be presented in the framework of the next Finance Act,” Prime Minister Jean-Marc Ayrault said in a statement after the ruling.

The Constitutional Council also rejected new methods for calculating a separate wealth tax, striking down a provision that would have increased the amount of taxable revenues and capital gains.

Other new measures in the budget were approved, however, including an increase in some upper tax rates to 45 per cent and the addition of capital gains to taxable income.

Finance Minister Pierre Moscovici told AFP the ruling “does not compromise” budget efforts and said the council had approved “the essential” of the government’s economic policies.

Criticisms

But government critics hailed the ruling as proof the Socialists are pursuing unfair tax policies.

“While the whole world watched us in dismay, Francois Hollande deceived the French into believing that ‘taxing the rich’ would be enough to solve our country’s problems,” said the head of the right-wing opposition UMP, Jean-Francois Cope.

“In reality, discouraging entrepreneurs and punishing the most wealthy until they leave our country inevitably puts the tax burden on the middle class. This moral error was sanctioned today.”

France is struggling to plug a €37 billion  in its public finances to meet its target of reducing the budget deficit to the EU ceiling of three percent in 2013.

The 2013 budget included €12.5 billion  in spending cuts and €20 billion in new taxes on individuals and businesses.

Critics have said the new tax measures will stifle economic growth, with the French economy already expected to contract by 0.2 per cent in the final quarter of this year.

The 2013 budget is based on a government forecast of 0.8 percent economic growth next year — a figure many economists consider too optimistic.

Hollande has seen his popularity plummet in recent months as the economy stagnates and unemployment mounts.

Read: Worst of the euro crisis is ‘behind us’, says German finance minister >

Read: How do Irish companies legally avoid paying billions in corporate tax? >

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