Readers like you keep news free for everyone.

More than 5,000 readers have already pitched in to keep free access to The Journal.

For the price of one cup of coffee each week you can help keep paywalls away.

Support us today
Not now
Tuesday 7 February 2023 Dublin: 9°C
# Etan Patz
Retrial to begin in the USA's most famous child abduction case
The case had reshaped American parenting and the pursuit of missing children.

Etan Patz AP / Press Association Images AP / Press Association Images / Press Association Images

IT TOOK NEARLY four decades to find and try a suspect in the haunting disappearance of first-grader Etan Patz. The trial itself spanned three months of testimony and 18 days of deliberations before a jury finally deadlocked.

Now it’s about to unfold all over again.

Opening statements are expected this week in the retrial of a case that reshaped American parenting and the pursuit of missing children.


Etan Patz, who vanished while heading to his New York City school bus stop in 1979, was among the first missing children whose face was put on milk cartons, and his case prompted many parents to stop letting their children roam their neighbourhoods alone.

Missing NYC Boy - The_Acos (2) MARTY REICHENTHAL In this 17 March 1980 file photo, Stan and Julie Patz stand on the second-floor fire escape of the of their loft in the SoHo neighbourhood of New York MARTY REICHENTHAL

Prosecutors will have to reassemble a murder case that was already complicated by faded memories, the deaths of witnesses and the fact that no trace of the boy has ever been found. The defence goes in knowing the last jury voted 11-1 to convict.

And Etan Patz’s parents face revisiting their six-year-old’s disappearance and suspect Pedro Hernandez’s account of choking him, given in recorded confessions that defence lawyers say were false.

Still, the child’s father has said the first trial succeeded in providing long-sought answers for the Patzes, if not in resolving the case.

Etan Patz Mark Lennihan Mark Lennihan

Now, finally, “we hope it will be over soon,” Stanley Patz said by email last month, declining to elaborate ahead of the retrial.


Etan Patz disappeared on 25 May 1979, the first day he was allowed to walk the two blocks to his bus stop alone.

Hernandez was then a teenage stock clerk at a nearby corner store. But he wasn’t a suspect until 2012, when his brother-in-law told police that Hernandez had told a summer 1979 prayer group he had killed a child in New York. His ex-wife and a neighbour later said he’d also made similar statements to them.

Detectives then got a confession from Hernandez himself.

Pedro Hernandez Louis Lanzano Louis Lanzano

“I wanted to let go, but I just couldn’t let go. I felt like something just took over me,” Hernandez said on video, describing how he choked the boy after luring him to the convenience store basement with the promise of a soda. Prosecutors suggest the motive was sexual.

Psychological issues

Hernandez’s defence says the Maple Shade, New Jersey, man has mental health problems that made him imagine he attacked Etan. A defence psychiatrist diagnosed Hernandez, 55, with schizotypal personality disorder; symptoms can include delusions, which Hernandez’s family says he has had.

“Pedro Hernandez is the only witness against himself,” defence lawyer Harvey Fishbein told jurors last year. “Yet he is inconsistent and unreliable.”

The defence also argued that a different, longtime suspect was the more likely killer.

Stan Patz Bebeto Matthews Stan Patz, father of Etan Patz Bebeto Matthews


After the first trial, many jurors said they felt Hernandez’s confession was compellingly detailed and supported by his earlier admissions. Some jurors attributed his mental problems to a guilty conscience. But the lone holdout said he felt that Hernandez’s mental health history was a big factor and that there wasn’t enough non-circumstantial evidence to convict him.

Prosecutors’ and defence lawyers’ central arguments and evidence haven’t changed, but both sides are approaching the retrial mindful of the deadlock and the growing passage of time.

During jury selection this month, Fishbein asked prospective members to vouch that if they ended up becoming a lone holdout for or against conviction, they wouldn’t change their minds just because no one else agreed. And Illuzzi asked whether any potential jurors felt the 37-year-old case was “enough already” and shouldn’t be pursued further. None said yes.

About 5% of felony trials in the USA end in hung juries, and roughly one-third of them are retried, rather than plea-bargained or dismissed, researchers have found.

Pedro Hernandez Elizabeth Williams / AP Courtroom file sketch of defendant Pedro Hernandez. Elizabeth Williams / AP / AP

Officials and court groups don’t have statistics on the outcomes of those retrials. But anecdotally, most end in convictions, as do most trials in general, said James A Cohen, a Fordham University School of Law professor who specialises in criminal defence.

Comments are closed as this trial is ongoing

Read: Confessor in Etan Patz murder has a ‘history of hallucinations’>