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Dublin: 2°C Thursday 20 January 2022

India and Pakistan seek to normalise strained relations

President Asif Ali Zadari was making the first visit to India by a Pakistani head of state in seven years.

Zadari shakes hands with Singh at the prime minister's residence in New Delhi today.
Zadari shakes hands with Singh at the prime minister's residence in New Delhi today.
Image: AP Photo/Prakash Singh

THE LEADERS OF India and Pakistan said they agreed in talks today that strained relations between their rival South Asian nations should be normalised.

Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and visiting Pakistan President Asif Ali Zardari said their meeting was friendly and constructive.

“Relations between India and Pakistan should become normal. That’s our common desire,” Singh told reporters after the private talks, at which no aides were present. ”We would like to have better relations,” Zardari said.

Singh said he had accepted an invitation from Zardari to visit Pakistan: ”We have a number of issues but we are willing to find practical and pragmatic solutions to all those issues,” Singh said. “That’s the message President Zardari and I would like to convey.”

Zardari arrived in India earlier on what was called a private religious trip that also gave him a chance to meet Indian leaders amid a thaw in relations between the two countries. He planned later to visit Ajmer Sharif, a revered Muslim shrine in India’s western state of Rajasthan.

Zardari’s visit to India, the first by a Pakistani head of state in seven years, is the most visible sign that the two countries have put behind them the enmity that followed the 2008 terror attack in the Indian city of Mumbai, in which 10 Pakistani terrorists killed 166 people in India’s financial capital.

Officials said Singh would raise India’s concerns about security and insist that Pakistan show its seriousness about reining in terrorist groups that were behind the Mumbai attack. India has blamed the Lashkar-e-Taiba militant group and demanded that Islamabad crack down on them.

Dialogue process

This past week, United States slapped a $10 million bounty on Hafiz Mohammad Saeed, the group’s founder, who operates openly in Pakistan.

Zardari’s visit came a day after a massive avalanche buried about 135 Pakistani soldiers near the Siachen glacier in the high Himalayas.

The two leaders were expected to discuss the situation in Siachen, often described as the world’s highest battlefield. India and Pakistan have stationed thousands of troops in Siachen’s icy reaches, the control of which remains a simmering dispute between the two neighbors.

Although no major breakthroughs were expected at Sunday’s meeting, analysts said it would help keep the momentum going in a dialogue process that began last year.

Trade between the two countries has jumped in recent years. Pakistan recently announced that it was lifting trade restrictions on India and the two countries are working on easing visa restrictions on businesspeople.

But both sides remain far from resolving their conflict over the Himalayan region of Kashmir, which both claim. India and Pakistan have fought three wars since the partition of the subcontinent on independence from Britain in 1947. Two of the wars have been over Kashmir.

Zardari was accompanied Sunday by about 25 family members, including his son, Bilawal Bhutto Zardari, who has been anointed his political heir.

Every day, thousands of believers visit Ajmer Sharif, a shrine to Sufi Muslim saint Moinudin Chishti 350 kilometres (220 miles) southwest of Delhi.

Read: No survivors found after 12-hour search at Pakistani avalanche

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Associated Press

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