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They still don't know why the US space rocket exploded - but they're blaming the Russians

Fingers are being pointed at the 1960s era Russian rocket used by Orbital Sciences.

Wallops-Facility The Wallops Island launch facility in Virginia. Source: AP

CREWS ARE SEARCHING for scorched wreckage along the Virginia coast in hopes of figuring out why an unmanned commercial rocket exploded on Tuesday.

The 140-foot Antares rocket blew up 15 seconds after lifting off for the space station Tuesday, in a blow to NASA’s strategy of using private companies to fly supplies and, eventually, astronauts to the International Space Station.

No one was injured when the Orbital Sciences Corp rocket exploded  but the $200 million-plus mission carrying 2.5 tonnes of cargo was a total loss. 

It was the first failure after an unbroken string of successful commercial cargo flights to the space station since 2012 — three by Orbital and five by SpaceX.

Although the cause of the blast is still unknown, several outside experts cast suspicion on the 1960s-era Russian-built engines used in the rocket’s first stage. Orbital Sciences chairman David Thompson himself said the Russian engines had presented “some serious technical and supply challenges in the past.”

He said he expects the investigation to zero in on the cause within a week or so. The launch pad on Wallops Island appeared to have been spared major damage.

As for launching again, Thompson said he expects a delay of at least three months in the company’s next flight to the space station, which had been set for April.

“We are certainly disappointed by this failure, but in no way are we discouraged or dissuaded from our objectives,” he told investors in a phone conference.

In another few years, NASA hopes to launch astronauts again from U.S. soil — aboard commercially supplied spacecraft.

Orbital Sciences has never intended to fly anything more for NASA than cargo. The political fallout from the blast is more likely to affect SpaceX and Boeing, both of which are under NASA contract to fly Americans to the space station by 2017.

“We can’t allow the one incident of the Antares vehicle loss to smear space commercialization in Washington and on the Hill,” Boston-based space analyst Charles Lurio said in an email.

The mood was somber 260 miles up, according to space station astronaut Butch Wilmore. He and his five crewmates were watching a live video feed of the launch and saw the whole thing.

“It’s a great loss,” Wilmore said, quickly adding that the station pantry contains four to six months’ worth of food and that there is plenty of research to go around.

Source: Brad Panovich/YouTube

Debris — potentially hazardous because of fuel — plummeted into the Atlantic and onto the launch site, igniting fires. Helicopters took to the air at first light Wednesday to track down remnants. Authorities warned people to avoid touching any debris that might wash ashore.

Ash and other debris covered Chrissy Mullen’s house, patio and yard on Chincoteague Island a few miles away. She spent the morning cleaning up.

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“We thought it was raining, but then we’re getting particles out of our hair,” she said. “The ash, the debris that was hitting our head was a little freaky.”

Carolyn Dalton watched the launch from the mainland while chaperoning four middle-school students from Colleton County, South Carolina, who had a milk-spoiling experiment aboard the rocket.

“People were screaming, people were crying, people were in shock,” Dalton said.

Just hours after the accident, Russia launched a supply ship from Kazakhstan on a previously scheduled flight to the space station, and it docked smoothly. Another load of supplies should be on the way in December, delivered by SpaceX from Cape Canaveral, Florida.

Even before Tuesday’s failure, Orbital Sciences had been reviewing alternatives to the Russian-made engines, Thompson said. The company recently had selected a different main propulsion system for use in a couple of years, and the switch may be accelerated if the Russian engines prove to be the culprit, he said.

The AJ26 engines — modified and tested in the U.S. — originally were designed for the massive Soviet rockets meant to take cosmonauts to the moon during the late 1960s.

In 2012, SpaceX’s billionaire founder and CEO, Elon Musk, called the Antares rocket “a punchline to a joke” because of the Russian engines. SpaceX, by contrast, makes its own rocket parts.

Read: NASA says it is disappointed at launch explosion – but it was just a ‘mishap’ >

Watch: NASA’s first space walk in a year is happening above your head right now >

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Associated Press

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