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UN observers in Syria visit Homs

The UN observers are trying to shore up a shakey ceasefire in Syria as part of a political solution to the conflict that has killed more than 9,000 people.

Image: AP Photo/Hussein Malla

UN OBSERVERS STRUGGLING to shore up a shaky ceasefire in Syria have visited an embattled neighborhood in the central city of Homs, the Syrian state news agency said.

SANA said the observers toured the Khaldiyeh district, which has seen heavy government shelling and clashes between Syrian forces and rebels.

The team in Homs is part of an advance team of 15 UN monitors in Syria who are trying to salvage a peace plan brokered by special envoy Kofi Annan that aims to end the country’s 13-month-old crisis. Under the plan, a ceasefire is supposed to lead to talks between President Bashar Assad and the opposition on a political solution to the conflict that has killed more than 9,000 people.

But the plan has been deeply troubled since the truce began on April 12. The regime has kept up its attacks on opposition strongholds, while rebel fighters continue to ambush security forces. Defying a major truce provision, the Syrian military has failed to withdraw tanks and soldiers from the streets.

Most analysts say the plan has little chance of succeeding, though it could temporarily bring down the level of daily violence.

This has largely been the case in Homs, Syria’s third largest city, which has emerged as the heart of the uprising. Regime forced pounded parts of Homs for months before two U.N. monitors moved into an upscale hotel there last week.

Since then, the level of violence has dropped, although gunbattles still frequently break out. An amateur video posted online Saturday showed the observers walking through a heavily damaged neighborhood, where residents collected a body laying in the street and put it in the back of a pickup truck.

No details were immediately available about the U.N. observers’ visit Sunday.

U.N. chief Ban Ki-moon has blamed the regime for widespread cease-fire violations — prompting Syria to fire back that his comments were “outrageous” and accusing him of bias.

The spat has further stoked concerns among the Syrian opposition and its Western supporters that Assad is merely playing for time to avoid compliance with a plan that — if fully implemented — would likely sweep him out of office.

Under the peace plan, the U.N. is to deploy as many as 300 truce monitors. One hundred should be in the country by mid-May, and the head of the observer team, Norwegian Maj. Gen. Robert Mood, is to arrive in Damascus on Sunday to assume command, according to the mission’s spokesman, Neeraj Singh.

Ban and Annan have cited violations by both sides, but generally portrayed the regime as the main aggressor.

An editorial Saturday in the state-run Tishrin newspaper said Ban has avoided discussing rebel violence in favor of “outrageous” statements against the Syrian government. The editorial said the international community has applied a double standard, ignoring “crimes and terrorist acts” against Syria and thus encouraging more violence, according to excerpts carried by the state-run news agency SANA.

Mass protests against Assad erupted in March 2011, but gradually turned into an insurgency in response to a violent regime crackdown. Assad’s regime denies it faces a popular uprising, claiming it is being targeted by a foreign-led terrorist conspiracy.

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Associated Press

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