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Birds are choosing England over Spain because they prefer the food


Image: Shutterstock/Targn Pleiades

BRITONS WHO LEAVE food in their gardens for birds have helped change migration patterns, with one species now heading to the UK for the winter rather than to sunny Spain, researchers said this week.

Blackcaps, which breed in southern Germany and Austria, are increasingly migrating towards Britain rather than their traditional wintering grounds in southern Spain, the British Trust for Ornithology (BTO) said.

The findings came in a study conducted over 12 winters and involving over 14,000 volunteers who put out food and submitted information on birds visiting their gardens.

“This is the first time that we’ve shown that feeding birds actually influences the distribution of a bird species across a whole country,” lead researcher Dr Kate Plummer told the BBC.

The BTO added in a statement that the authors had found “strong evidence that blackcap occupancy rates are influenced by both supplementary food and climatic temperature”.

“The increasing association with supplementary food over time suggests that Blackcaps are adapting their feeding habits to exploit human-provisioned foods, complementing recent evidence that those blackcaps migrating to Britain in winter are diverging phenotypically, as well as genetically, from those that winter in Spain.

Blackcaps wintering in Britain have relatively narrower and longer beaks than those wintering in Spain, suggesting that British migrants have adapted to a more generalist diet.

It added that winters in Britain had become “milder” in recent decades and that the changes in migration patterns had become genetically encoded.

Blackcaps were barely recorded in Britain before the 1950s, but their numbers have increased rapidly in the last 60 years.

© – AFP, 2015

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