We need your help now

Support from readers like you keeps The Journal open.

You are visiting us because we have something you value. Independent, unbiased news that tells the truth. Advertising revenue goes some way to support our mission, but this year it has not been enough.

If you've seen value in our reporting, please contribute what you can, so we can continue to produce accurate and meaningful journalism. For everyone who needs it.

Alamy Stock Photo
Colorado River

US states agree to save dwindling river that supplies water to 40 million people

Human-caused climate change means the once-bountiful snowpack that feeds the river has shrunk.

SEVERAL US STATES have reached an agreement to cut the amount of water they take from the dwindling Colorado River, which is threatened by a quarter of a century of drought and worsening climate conditions.

The plan comes after years of bitter wrangling, with states refusing to give ground even as the water course has reached crisis point, threatening drinking water supplies for 40 million people, and imperilling electricity generation across the American West.

Under the proposal, the federal government will pay a reported $1.2 billion to water districts, Native American Tribes and cities in California, Nevada and Arizona to use less water over the next three years.

The states themselves will also cut their use, though they will not be compensated.

The reductions will reduce the amount of water taken from the once-mighty Colorado by three million acre feet, or about 13% of all the water it supplies.

An acre-foot refers to an acre covered in water a foot deep — around 1.23 million litres or about half an Olympic-size swimming pool.

“The entire Western United States is on the frontlines of climate change — we must work together to address this crisis and the weather extremes between drought and flood,” California Governor Gavin Newsom said in a release welcoming the agreement.

“California has stepped up to make significant cuts to water usage and now, this historic partnership between California and other Lower Basin states will help maintain critical water supply for millions of Americans as we work together to ensure the long-term sustainability of the Colorado River System for decades to come.”

The Colorado River runs through seven US states and Mexico, supplying drinking water and hydropower and irrigating some of the country’s most fertile farmland.

However, what was one of the world’s great rivers has now shrunk.

Human-caused climate change means the once-bountiful snowpack that feeds the river has dwindled.

What snow there is melts more quickly because of higher temperatures, and more is lost to evaporation.

Until now, use of the river water was subject to a more than century-old agreement, made when it rained more and there were fewer people depending on the waterway.

But the agreement was a politically expedient fix that allowed users to take more water than was added every year.

For years the states and the federal government have been deadlocked on how to square this circle and equitably divvy up the shrinking supply, even as the region has become more arid and river levels have dropped.

Last year, Lake Powell and Lake Mead — two of the largest reservoirs in the country — fell to historic lows, with fears that they might even drop below intake pipes at the Hoover Dam, a situation known as “deadpool” that would halt hydro-electric production and stop the river flowing.

The Bureau of Reclamation, the federal government department that manages water resources, threatened last month to impose mandatory cuts that would see Arizona, California and Nevada hit with a uniform percentage reduction.

That proposal angered farmers in the south of California who take the lion’s share of the state’s allocation, an amount equivalent to everything extracted by Arizona and Nevada combined.

Details on the proposal announced today were scant.

The federal money will come from the Inflation Reduction Act, a piece of mega-legislation crafted by President Joe Biden’s administration that provides huge sums of money for environmental initiatives.

That cash will be used to pay users to take around 2.3 million acre feet less of water.

The remaining 700,000 acre feet saving will come from the states, but exactly how that reduction will be achieved — and who will bear the biggest burden — was not immediately clear.

The proposal runs through 2026, and does not include any reduction in use by Colorado, New Mexico, Utah and Wyoming, which also take water from the river.

Scientists say a wet winter in the US west has alleviated some pressure on the system, but this is only a temporary reprieve as human-caused climate change continues to exacerbate a long-term drying trend in the region.

© AFP 2023

Your Voice
Readers Comments
This is YOUR comments community. Stay civil, stay constructive, stay on topic. Please familiarise yourself with our comments policy here before taking part.
Leave a Comment
    Submit a report
    Please help us understand how this comment violates our community guidelines.
    Thank you for the feedback
    Your feedback has been sent to our team for review.

    Leave a commentcancel