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Oregon becomes first US state to decriminalise hard drugs

The state also legalised access to magic mushrooms for therapeutic use.

File photo
File photo
Image: Shutterstock/Olena Yakobchuk

OREGON HAS BECOME the first US state to decriminalise hard drugs, including the possession of small amounts of heroin and cocaine, and to legalise access to so-called magic mushrooms for therapeutic use.

Four other states — New Jersey, Montana, South Dakota and Arizona — voted to legalise recreational marijuana, which remains illegal at the federal level.

That brings to 15 the number of US states that have approved the drug for recreational purposes since 2012. Medical cannabis for its part is already legal in 33 US states.

In 1973, Oregon became the first state in the country to decriminalise marijuana.

A ballot initiative in favour of decriminalising a range of psychedelics was also approved in the nation’s capital, Washington DC, the fourth jurisdiction to enact the reform.

Votes on those measures came as Americans cast their ballots in the US presidential election.

Under Measure 110, possession of small amounts of illicit drugs in Oregon would be considered a civil violation and more money will be earmarked for addiction treatment and other services for people with addiction disorders.

“This groundbreaking initiative imagines a better way forward – instead of arresting and jailing people for drugs, it will offer help to those who need and want it,” the Drug Policy Alliance said in a statement.

The aim of the measure — backed by the Oregon Nurses Association, the Oregon chapter of the American College of Physicians and the Oregon Academy of Family Physicians — is to keep drug-addicted people out of the criminal justice system and to provide them with treatment.

“Punishing people for drug use and addiction is costly and hasn’t worked. More drug treatment, not punishment, is a better approach,” the groups said in a statement.

Also backing the measure was Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg and his wife Priscilla Chan who contributed $500,000 (about €426,500) through the Chan Zuckerberg Initiative.

Therapeutic options

However, opponents, including several local groups working on addiction policy, said the measure undermines local efforts and does not guarantee a set budget for treatment.

The state’s second groundbreaking initiative, Measure 109, legalises the therapeutic use of psilocybin, or “magic mushrooms”, for people over the age of 21 suffering from a range of conditions including depression, addiction and anxiety.

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The measure was spearheaded by Portland psychotherapists Tom and Sheri Eckert.

“There’s a lot of people suffering out there who need therapeutic options,” Tom Eckert told the local CBS station.

“We’re actually in the midst of a mental health crisis in Oregon. We have some of the highest rates of mental illness in the country. So the status quo really isn’t working.”

A related measure approved in Washington DC — Initiative 81 — decriminalises “magic mushrooms” and other psychedelic substances.

Under the measure, those who use and sell such drugs would be considered among the police department’s “lowest law enforcement priorities”.

© AFP 2020

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