We need your help now

Support from readers like you keeps The Journal open.

You are visiting us because we have something you value. Independent, unbiased news that tells the truth. Advertising revenue goes some way to support our mission, but this year it has not been enough.

If you've seen value in our reporting, please contribute what you can, so we can continue to produce accurate and meaningful journalism. For everyone who needs it.

Workers enter the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station in May 2011 for the first time, two months after the explosion in March of that year. Tokyo Electric Power Company/AP

Engineers begin dangerous task of removing fuel rods from Fukushima

Moving the uranium and plutonium fuel rods from a reactor building is the most difficult task so far in the decommissioning of the nuclear plant.

WORKERS AT JAPAN’S Fukushima nuclear plant today began moving fuel rods from a reactor building, in their most difficult and dangerous task since a tsunami crippled the facility in 2011.

Operator Tokyo Electric Power (TEPCO) said it had begun the process of removing the uranium and plutonium rods from a storage pool — a tricky but essential step in the complex’s decades-long decommissioning plan.

The operation follows months of setbacks and glitches that have stoked widespread criticism of the utility’s handling of the crisis, the worst nuclear accident in a generation.

The work pales in comparison with the much more complex task that awaits engineers, who will have to remove the misshapen cores of three other reactors that went into meltdown before being brought under control two years ago.

The fuel rods are bundled together in so-called assemblies which must be pulled out of the storage pool where they were being kept when a tsunami smashed into Fukushima in March 2011. There are more than 1,500 such assemblies in the pool.

imageUnit 1 and 2 reactor buildings at Fukushima. (AP Photo/Itsuo Inouye/File)

Over the course of two days, the company said it expects to remove 22 assemblies, with the entire operation scheduled to run for more than a year.

“At 15:18 (06:18 GMT), we started to pull up the first fuel assembly with a crane,” a company spokesman said today.

The huge crane, with a remote-controlled grabber, is being lowered into the pool and then hooked onto the assemblies, placing them inside a fully immersed cask.

The 91-tonne cask will then be hauled from the pool to be loaded onto a trailer and taken to a different storage pool about 100 metres away.


Experts have warned that slip-ups could trigger a rapid deterioration in the situation. Even minor mishaps will create considerable delays in the already long and complicated decommissioning.

While such operations are routine at other nuclear plants, the disaster has made conditions far more complex, TEPCO has said.


(AP Photo/David Guttenfelder/Pool)

“This is an important process that is an inevitable part of the decommissioning process, but it includes work that could pose a great risk,” the Citizen’s Nuclear Information Center, an independent energy think tank, said in a statement.

“We expect TEPCO and the Nuclear Regulation Authority to work with vigilance… and we demand disclosure of information” about the work, it added.

Hiroaki Koide, assistant professor at Kyoto University’s Research Reactor Institute, said the timing of the fuel rod removal was crucial as “the reactor’s storage pool is in an unstable condition”.

Koide added that the whole decommissioning process would involve tasks that pose “unprecedented challenges”.


imageA worker measures water levels at Fukushima (Tokyo Electric Power Co/File photo)

Work at the plant has suffered months of setbacks including multiple leaks from tanks storing radioactive water, and a power outage caused when a rat electrocuted itself on a circuit board.

TEPCO’s management of the problems has been criticised as haphazard and uncoordinated, with one government minister saying it was like watching someone playing “whack-a-mole”.

The full decommissioning of Fukushima is likely to take decades and include tasks that have never been attempted anywhere in the world.

Villages and towns nearby remain largely empty. Fear of radiation makes residents unable or unwilling to return to live in the shadow of the leaking plant.

- © AFP, 2013

Read: Six Fukushima workers doused with radioactive water >

Read: Sun, sand, surf and radiation in the shadow of Fukushima >

Read: Japan to spend €359 million to battle Fukushima radioactive water leak >

Your Voice
Readers Comments
    Submit a report
    Please help us understand how this comment violates our community guidelines.
    Thank you for the feedback
    Your feedback has been sent to our team for review.