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Commission President Ursula von der Leyen delivering State of the Union addess this morning. DPA/PA Images
Energy Crisis

EU plans 'comprehensive reform' of electricity market as MEPs back higher renewables target

European Commission chief Ursula von der Leyen said ‘Russia keeps on actively manipulating our energy market’.

LAST UPDATE | 14 Sep 2022

THE EU PLANS a “deep and comprehensive” reform of the electricity market to cope with an energy crisis spurred by Russia’s war in Ukraine, European Commission chief Ursula von der Leyen said Wednesday.

The measures include a cap on electricity producers’ profits that would raise 140 billion euros ($140 billion) and “cushion” consumers from high prices, she said in her annual State of the European Union address.

Other steps involve rationing energy, temporary state aid and decoupling the prices of gas and electricity.

She also announced the creation of a new bank designed to spur investment of up to three billion euros in hydrogen as a Green alternative to fossil fuels.

The measures were in response to soaring energy costs as Europe painfully unhitches its decades-long dependency on Russian fossil fuels.

Sanctions on Russia and Moscow retaliation cutting off gas supplies have sent prices skyrocketing, leaving Europe to confront a difficult coming winter.

“Russia keeps on actively manipulating our energy market. They prefer to flare the gas than to deliver it,” von der Leyen said.

“This market is not functioning any more.”

Gas reserves 

To partly prepare for a tough winter, the bloc has hastily stockpiled gas reserves, hitting 84 percent of capacity well ahead of an October deadline, von der Leyen said.

But the hole left by missing Russian supplies will still hurt.

The idea to tax profits by non-gas electricity providers is to divert the money to households and businesses to weather the situation.

“These companies are making revenues they never accounted for, they never even dreamt of,” von der Leyen said.

“In these times it is wrong to receive extraordinary record profits benefiting from war and on the back of consumers,” she said.

She said “major oil, gas and coal companies” would also “have to give a crisis contribution”.

At the same time, von der Leyen highlighted that the EU is pivoting to “reliable suppliers”, naming the United States, Norway and Algeria among them.

Longer-term, the EU wants greater reliance on renewable energies, von der Leyen said, hammering a key promise of her mandate. The hydrogen investment bank proposal is another step towards that future.

Kyiv trip

Another announcement made by von der Leyen was planned legislation to secure critical raw materials for the EU as it shifts towards greater use of electric vehicles and other more environmentally friendly technologies.

In her speech, she highlighted the stranglehold China has over resources such as lithium that are key to the energy transition.

“Today, China controls the global processing industry. Almost 90 percent of rare earths and 60 percent of lithium are processed in China,” she said in her annual State of the European Union address.

The proposed law would identify “strategic projects all along the supply chain” and “build up strategic reserves where supply is at risk,” she said.

As for Russia, the EU chief signalled that the bloc would maintain its sanctions pressure on Russia as long as it waged its war in Ukraine.

“I want to make it very clear, the sanctions are here to stay. This is the time for us to show resolve, not appeasement,” she said.

Ukraine’s first lady Olena Zelenska attended the gathering in Strasbourg, receiving a standing ovation from lawmakers.

Von der Leyen told MEPs that she would travel to Kyiv to meet Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky, her third trip to the Ukrainian capital since the war started.

“I will travel to Kiev today to meet President Zelensky” to discuss “in detail” the continuation of European aid, she said in her major annual political address.

“For the first time in its history, this Parliament is debating the state of our Union while war is raging on European soil,” said von der Leyen, dressed in Ukrainian colours.

Responding to von der Leyen’s speech, Ireland’s Green MEPs said that revenue raised thorugh the proposals must benefit consumers and indicated that reducing dependence on fossil fuels must remain a priority.

MEP Ciaran Cuffe said the proposals are “welcome news for households and businesses struggling with high energy bills. Now, we must be absolutely sure that those revenues make it back to these consumers without delay”.

“Moving forward, we need a paradigm shift in how we approach energy in Europe, as European Commission President von der Leyen proposed today. I believe that plans announced with the Dublin Declaration this week for new offshore wind energy investment marks a milestone on that journey for Ireland,” Cuffe said.

“The European Green Deal can and must protect our children’s future. President von der Leyen’s proposal today to enshrine solidarity between generations in law can ensure that the rights of our children to live on a safe and healthy planet are recognised and respected.”

MEP Grace O’Sullivan said that “many energy companies have not seen their production costs rise, but they seem happy to raise the prices they charge customers nonetheless. The recent announcement aims to end that.”

“Ultimately, the energy crisis is caused by our dependence on the fossil fuels of dictatorships. I welcome the announcement of a European Hydrogen Bank to drive the transition, but the devil will be in the details to curb the influence of fossil gas companies to ensure hydrogen is actually green.”

Renewable energy

MEPs voted in Strasbourg this afternoon to increase the EU’s renewable energy target for this decade.

A revision of the Renewable Energy Directive that passed through the parliament is raising the target for renewables as a proportion of energy consumption to 45% by 2030, as well as setting down specific targets for sectors such as transport, buildings, and district heating and cooling.

The parliament also voted in favour of revising the Energy Efficiency Directive, which governs targets for energy consumption.

Member states must colllective reduce primary energy consumption (the level of demand) by 42.5% and final energy consumption (how much end users consume) by 40$ by 2030 compared to 2007 projections.

The reduction equates to around 960 and 740 million tonnes of oil equivalent.

Both directives passed comfortably through the parliament with votes of 418-109 and 469-93.


© AFP 2022 

Additional reporting by Lauren Boland

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