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Talks to avoid Spain-Gibraltar 'hard border' go down to wire

Gibraltar imports all of its food.

Image: PA

MADRID AND LONDON were tonight negotiating against the clock to preserve the free movement of people across the border between Spain and Gibraltar once the Brexit transition period ends on December 31.

Although Britain reached a last-minute exit deal with the European Union on Christmas Eve, it does not cover Gibraltar, a tiny British territory on Spain’s southern tip which is historically claimed by Madrid.

If no agreement is reached, there are serious concerns that a “hard border” would cause disruption for the workers and businesses on both sides of what will be a new border between Britain and the European Union.

“We will seek this agreement until the last minute,” Spanish Foreign Minister Arancha Gonzalez Laya said today when asked about the talks, which also involve the Gibraltar government.

If there is no deal, Gibraltar will be “the only place where a hard Brexit is applied”, which would lead to tighter border controls, she warned.

Gibraltar’s Chief Minister Fabian Picardo said Sunday he remained “optimistic” that an agreement will be reached.

Around 15,000 people live in Spain and work in Gibraltar, accounting for half of the territory’s workforce centred mainly on the tourism, financial services and online gambling sectors.

These cross-border workers will be exempt from border controls even if no agreement on free movement is reached as long as they have registered their status with Gibraltar by January 1.

Over 8,500 have so far signed up, according to the Spanish foreign minister.

But this would leave out the roughly 10 million tourists, mainly day-trippers from Spain, who visit Gibraltar each year, drawn in part by its duty-free shopping.

Along with gambling and offshore banking, tourism is a cornerstone of the economy for Gibraltar, one of the most prosperous regions in Europe which is home to 34,000 people.

Visitors from the European Union to Gibraltar currently need only to show their national identity documents, first to Spanish border police and then to those in the British territory.

But after January 1 they will have to have their passports stamped, which a Gibraltar government source told AFP will cause “queues lasting hours”.

And the movement of goods between Gibraltar and Spain will be subject to tighter customs procedures from January 1, with unwanted economic consequences.

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With a land area of just 6.8 square kilometres (2.6 square miles), Gibraltar imports all of its food.

In the event that no deal is reached, Gibraltar has extended its port facilities to be able to handle more ships and has contracted a ferry service to bring goods from the nearby Spanish port of Algeciras.

Mayors of Spanish cities in the economically depressed region that surrounds Gibraltar warned in a joint statement that a lack of an agreement would have “dire economic, political and social consequences” for them.

Gibraltar businesses imported around 381 million British pounds (421 million euros, $515 million) in goods and services from Spain in 2013, while Spanish cross-border workers earned over 100 million pounds that year, according to a Gibraltar Chamber of Commerce study.

© – AFP, 2020

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