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"Clawing at the earth, swelling as if with its regurgitation of all the life that it had consumed"

It’s 70 years to the day since the bomb was dropped on Nagasaki.

“Obscene in its greedy clawing at the earth, swelling as if with its regurgitation of all the life that it had consumed.”

… That’s how British pilot Leonard Cheshire, who was on the plane that dropped the second of two devastating atomic bombs on Japan, remembered Nagasaki.

Today, it’s exactly 70 years since the nuclear bomb was dropped on the port city.

Preceded by Hiroshima three days earlier, the effect of the destructive power of the two attacks was unprecedented.

AP Was There Atomic Bomb Source: Associated Press

Buildings and people were incinerated, and the bombings left lifelong scars - physical as well as psychological – on survivors.

America’s decision

By the time the bombs had been successfully trialed in the United States, Germany had already surrendered in Europe.

At the other side of the world, the war between Japan and the US was still deadlocked.

Japan were seen as a stubborn opposition, continuing its resistance to the United States despite clear indicators that they were likely to lose the war.

American military experts warned that any prolonged conflict would result in massive casualties – with one general even warning that a conventional invasion would cost the US “half a million” dead.

As a result, a decision was made to drop the bomb.

Source: AP

Detonation 

The first blast happened in Hiroshima on 6 August, 1945.

It is estimated that between 60,000 and 80,000 people were killed instantly when the bomb fell for 44.4 seconds, before detonating 580 metres above the ground.

A large number of people died from the effects of radiation sickness, putting the final death toll at around 135,000 – although many estimate it to be higher.

On 9 August – seventy years ago today – it was followed by the attack on Nagasaki.

The estimated total death toll for the second attack is around 75,000.

AP Was There Atomic Bomb Sept. 4, 1945: The remains of a factory in Nagasaki. Source: Associated Press

The majority of the population of Nagasaki were incinerated during the initial impact of the bomb.

Others suffered from injuries due to debris, and died later.

The few who survived were left with radiation poisoning.

The devastating aftermath 

After the shell of the bomb exploded, 40% the city was destroyed.

Care for the injured was impossible with hospitals gone.

Schools, churches, and the rest of the city were completely flattened

In both Hiroshima and Nagasaki, people were unable to grow their own crops, drink water, or even hope to rebuild due to the severe radiation.

In the surrounding area, the health of the civilians was also compromised – as the severity of the radiation given off from the heat during the explosion made inhabitants more susceptible to cancer and other illnesses.

Source: Associated Press

Source: AP Archive/YouTube

The dropping of the bombs, which were developed under strict secrecy, was hugely popular with war-weary Americans at the time.

Seven decades on, a majority today still think it was the right thing to do.

Remembering

Japan has been remembering the devastation of the attacks this week.

On Thursday, tens of thousands gathered in Hiroshima as bells tolled and a moment’s silence was observed – beginning at the same same time the first bomb detonated.

Delegates representing 100 countries, including children and elderly survivors, placed flowers in front of the cenotaph at a memorial park – and doves were released in the air.

Japan HIroshima Anniversary Source: Eugene Hoshiko

“As the only country ever attacked by an atomic bomb… we have a mission to create a world without nuclear arms,” Prime Minister Shinzo Abe told the crowd.

“We have been tasked with conveying the inhumanity of nuclear weapons, across generations and borders.”

86-year-old Yukio Yoshioka – a survivor of Hiroshima – pleaded to the leader:

Never make Japan a country that repeats the same mistakes.

Read: The amazing story of the Irish nun who survived Hiroshima

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