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Concern in Germany as cases rise again with France and Spain set to ease restrictions today

The Robert Koch Institute for public health said Germany’s closely watched reproduction rate (R0) had climbed to 1.1 over the weekend.

Customers wear face masks and sanitise hands before entering a shop in Berlin
Customers wear face masks and sanitise hands before entering a shop in Berlin
Image: Xinhua/PA Images

GERMANY’S CORONAVIRUS SPREAD appears to be picking up speed again, official data showed yesterday, just days after Chancellor Angela Merkel said the country could gradually return to normal.

It comes as France and Spain are set to implement an easing of stay-at-home rules today amid fears of a second wave of the pandemic across Europe.

The Robert Koch Institute for public health said Germany’s closely watched reproduction rate (R0) had climbed to 1.1, meaning 10 people with Covid-19 infect on average 11 others.

The RKI has warned that for the infection rate to be deemed under control and slowing down, the R0 has to stay below one.

As recently as Wednesday, Germany’s number stood at 0.65.

But since then the country has reported clusters of new cases at slaughterhouses and at care homes for the elderly.

The RKI cautioned it was too soon to draw conclusions but said the number of new infections “would need to be watched very closely in the coming days”.

The latest data raised alarm after Merkel only on Wednesday declared that Germany had left the “first phase” of the pandemic behind it and federal states announced relaxations of social restrictions.

Most shops and playgrounds have reopened, children are gradually returning to classrooms and states are to varying degrees reopening restaurants, gyms and places of worship.

German local authorities have however agreed to pull an “emergency brake” and reimpose social curbs if the infection rate rises above 50 cases per 100,000 residents over a week.

That has already happened in at least three districts in recent days, according to the RKI.

Football, slaughterhouses

In Germany’s most populous state of North Rhine-Westphalia, there has been a spike in cases at a slaughterhouse in the district of Coesfeld, where around 200 of the 1,200 employees have tested positive for the virus.

Many of them are foreign workers from eastern Europe who lived in shared housing.

The regional government has ordered workers at all of the state’s slaughterhouses to undergo testing. It has also delayed the loosening of some confinement measures in the district.

An outbreak of Covid-19 at a slaughterhouse in the northern state of Schleswig-Holstein has likewise pushed the district of Steinburg over the infection threshold.

In the eastern state of Thuringia, Greiz district has reported a jump in infections among residents and employees of several care homes and a geriatrics hospital.

There were also fresh fears for the planned restart of the Bundesliga football season on 16 May after second-tier Dynamo Dresden’s players were ordered to go into quarantine over two coronavirus cases.

Worst “not behind us”

As Merkel looks to steer the country cautiously into a new phase allowing more economic activity, some politicians have expressed fears that any precipitous action may spark a second wave of infections.

“We are in a critical phase. It is to be feared that after the first deconfinement measures certain people become imprudent,” warned Katrin Goering-Eckardt, a senior figure in the Greens, in an interview with financial daily Handelsblatt.

“Deconfinement has given the signal that the worst is behind us — but that is not the case,” added Karl Lauterbach of Merkel’s coalition partners the Social Democrats.

Protests

Despite such concerns, some Germans believe the country is not moving fast enough in easing the confinement measures.

Thousand of people took to streets in cities nationwide at the weekend to protest against the remaining restrictions, such as wearing a mask on public transport and limiting social contacts.

Tensions rose at a rally in Berlin on Saturday, where hundreds of protesters chanted “Freedom, Freedom” and some threw bottles at police. Several dozen people were taken into custody.

In Munich, where some 3,000 protesters gathered on Saturday, police criticised participants for not sticking to social distancing rules.

The demos, which have grown larger in recent weeks, have mostly attracted a mix of far-right and far-left sympathisers.

But they are increasingly becoming more mainstream.

A well-known politician from the liberal Free Democrats party (FDP), Thomas Kemmerich, came under fire for joining a protest in Thuringia state that was also attended by members of the far-right AfD party.

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Other countries ease lockdown

In France, people from this morning were able to walk outside without filling in a permit for the first time in nearly eight weeks, teachers will start to return to primary schools, and some shops – including hair salons – will reopen.

Bars, restaurants, theatres and cinemas will, however, remain closed.

Spaniards outside of urban hotspots such as Madrid and Barcelona – which remain under lockdown – made plans to meet friends and family in bars and restaurants that have outdoor spaces.

Belgium and Greece are among other European nations set to ease lockdowns on today.

Turkey had already eased some restrictions and let over-65s out for the first time yesterday.

Russia and Brazil, however, both passed grim milestones at the weekend. 

Russia’s caseload surpassed 200,000 and is expected to become the highest figure in Europe within days, even as the number of deaths remains relatively low at fewer than 2,000. 

While officials say the figures reveal the effectiveness of Russia’s testing regime, an opposition-allied doctors union said the authorities were under-reporting deaths of medics. 

For Brazil, the signs are more ominous.

Officials confirmed more than 10,000 had now died in the hardest-hit Latin American country. Scientists warned that the real figures could be many times higher, given a lack of widespread testing. 

In a sign that officials were not yet facing up to the crisis, President Jair Bolsonaro, who has likened the coronavirus to a “little flu” and criticised regional lockdowns, was reportedly seen jet skiing. 

© AFP 2020

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