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An Israeli bomb exploding inside Gaza in November 2023 Alamy
Violence

More armed conflicts were fought last year than any other since end of World War Two

Last year saw 59 conflicts, the Peace Research Institute of Oslo (PRIO) showed.

MORE ARMED CONFLICTS took place worldwide in 2023 than any other year since the end of the Second World War, according to a new study.

Last year saw 59 conflicts, the Peace Research Institute of Oslo (PRIO) showed.

A total of 28 armed conflicts were registered in Africa, followed by Asia with 17, the Middle East with 10, Europe with three and the Americas with one.

However, the number of countries that experienced conflicts declined from 39 in 2022 to 34.

The number of deaths in combat also halved to around 122,000 over the previous year, according to data collected by Sweden’s Uppsala University from NGOs and international organisations.

Nonetheless, that number remained the third highest since 1989 against the backdrop of the wars in Ukraine and Gaza.

While the number of combat deaths decreased last year, the accumulated number for the past three years is the highest for a three-year period in 30 years.

“Violence in the world is at an all-time high since the end of the Cold War,” said Siri Aas Rustad, PRIO researcher and the main author of the report covering trends during the period 1946-2023.

“The figures suggest that the conflict landscape has become increasingly complex, with more conflict actors operating within the same country,” she explained.

According to PRIO, the increase in the number of conflicts can be partially attributed to the Islamic State spreading across Asia, Africa and the Middle East and the involvement of a growing number of non-state actors such as the Al-Qaeda-affiliated Group to Support Islam and Muslims (JNIM).

“This development makes it increasingly difficult for actors like aid groups and civil society organisations to manoeuvre the conflict landscape and improve the lives of ordinary people,” Rustad said.

© AFP 2024