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On this day in 1945, Hitler's henchmen faced the Nuremberg trial

Under Nazi rule, more than 6 million Jews were killed.

Image: AP/Press Association Images

ON 20 NOVEMBER 1945, Nazi Party officials and high-ranking military officers along with German professionals, such as lawyers and doctors, came before the Nuremeberg Trial charged with crimes against peace and humanity.

Nazi Germany

Under Adolf Hiter’s reign, the Nazi government began implementing policies designed to persecute German-Jewish people and other perceived enemies of the Nazi state, which resulted in the murder of some 6 million Jews, as well as an estimated 4 million to 6 million non-Jewish people.

The trials would go on until 1949, with many sentenced to death and life in prison. Ten of the condemned were executed by hanging. Here are a selection of historical photos from that time:

On this day in 1945, Hitler's henchmen faced the Nuremberg trial
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    Adolf Hitler. Source: AP/Press Association Images
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    Rudolf Hess, right, holds his head during the war criminal trials at Nuremberg. Source: AP/Press Association Images
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    A general view of the War Crimes trial in Nuremberg, GermanySource: AP/Press Association Images
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    Defendant Richard Walther Darre, former SS Senior Group Leader, Reich Minister of Food and Agriculture and one of the leading Nazi "blood and soil" ideologists, accused of war crimes during the Nazi regime in WWII is seen flanked by US military police.Source: AP/Press Association Images
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    Thomas Dodd, assistant U.S. prosecuting attorney at the International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg, Germany, holds a human shrunken head, that he introduced as evidence of cruelty in German concentration camps during the unprecedented trial. Source: AP/Press Association Images
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    Source: AP/Press Association Images
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    Margarete Himmler, wife of the German S.S. Chief who died by suicide, centre, as she reads over some papers with her daughter Gudrun, right, as they are watched by Louise Cuyon-Witzschel, who was secretary at the S.S. Headquarters in Italy, at Nuremberg, Germany, where they are waiting to testify in the trial.Source: AP/Press Association Images
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    Hermann Goering, standing in foreground in the dock, is making his final plea during the latter stages of the Nuremberg War Crimes Trial.Source: AP/Press Association Images
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    The translation division, holding a pile of transcripts representing one-fifth of those taken during the evidence given in court during the trial.Source: AP/Press Association Images
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    Source: AP/Press Association Images
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    British Attorney General Hartley William Shawcross presents his final plea.Source: AP/Press Association Images
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    Nazi German Foreign Minister Joachim von Ribbentrop, right, leans in front of Rudolf Hess, Hitler's deputy, to confer with his lawyer, lower left, while Hermann Goering, center, chief of the German air force and one of Hitler's clostest aides, turns to talks with Karl Doenitz, rear right, during the Nueremberg war crime trial.Source: AP/Press Association Images
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    Here are Hitler’s former henchmen clustered in the Anglo-American jail for top-ranking Nazis at Mondorf-Les-Bains, Luxembourg in the summer of 1945. Source: AP/Press Association Images
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    Leaders and chairmen of the German company I.G. Farbenindustrie.Source: AP/Press Association Images
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    Omgus Military Tribunal / Cannon King on trial Source: AP/Press Association Images
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    The former Reichsmarschall of Nazi Germany, Hermann Goering, smiles for the camera while eating from a mess tin during the post-war Nuremberg Trials. Source: PA Archive/Press Association Images
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    Source: AP/Press Association Images
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    Former Deputy Fuhrer Rudolf Hess and former German Foreign Minister Joachim von Ribbentrop (covering his face) eating a meal under guard at the Nuremberg Court House Source: PA Archive/Press Association Images
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    Ilse Hess, the wife of Rudolph Hess, No. 2 Nazi, with her son Wolf, aged 7. Ilse Hess vistied her husband at the Nuremberg jail.Source: AP/Press Association Images
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    US Master Sergeant John C. Wood acted as chief hangman of the principal Nazi war criminals.Source: AP/Press Association Images
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    Official portrait of Chief of General Staff, Wilhelm Keitel, one of the Nazi leaders. Source: AP/Press Association Images
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    Official portrait of Hitler’s political intriguer and last Nazi Ambassador to Turkey Franz Von Papen. Source: AP/Press Association Images

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