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Croatia given green light to join EU

After almost six years of negotiations, Croatia has passed an important milestone on the road to EU membership – accession could happen as early as 2013.

British Prime Minister David Cameron meets with Croatian Prime Minister Jadranka Kosor at 10 Downing Street in London, Friday June 10, 2011.
British Prime Minister David Cameron meets with Croatian Prime Minister Jadranka Kosor at 10 Downing Street in London, Friday June 10, 2011.
Image: AP Photo/Facundo Arrizabalaga

CROATIA HAS BEEN given the green light to join the European Union, with membership likely to start in 2013, officials said Friday.

European Commission President Jose Manuel Barroso said he would recommend that EU nations wrap up talks and prepare to welcome Croatia as the 28th member state.

The commission said the negotiations with the Balkan nation could be concluded because talks on reforming the Croatian judiciary, the last major stumbling bloc, have been successful.

“Croatia is now ready to move ahead,” Barroso said. He suggested that the current member states should add Croatia on 1 July, 2013. The EU leaders could give their political backing at a meeting on 24 June.

“They are on track and we can give, with a very calm and good heart, a ‘yes’ to Croatia,” Justice Commissioner Viviane Reding, who was involved in the negotiations, said.

Completes one phase

In Zagreb, Croatia’s President Ivo Josipovic said that the announcement from Brussels “completes one phase on our road.” But he warned that more reforms lie ahead.

“We must never stop and state that we’ve done all there is to do,” he said. “We must look ahead and … work to turn our country into a successful 28th EU member state.”

Croatia started membership talks around six years ago, and would become the second former Yugoslav nation to join following Slovenia. The last members to join were Romania and Bulgaria in 2007.

Barroso said the tough negotiations also sent a clear signal to other aspiring EU members in southeast Europe.

“It shows that enlargement works, that the EU is serious about its commitment, and that structural European reforms in the countries pay off,” Barroso said.

British Prime Minister David Cameron met with his Croatian counterpart Jadranka Kosor and welcomed the “very exciting” decision.

“We have watched with admiration the economic political and social growth of Croatia over the last decade and look forward to warmly welcoming you as a member of the European Union,” Cameron said.

All eyes turn to Serbia

With Croatia poised to take the step and Montenegro and Macedonia candidates for membership, all eyes are turning to Serbia.

The arrest and extradition of war crimes suspect Ratko Mladic late last month removed the largest obstacle that Serbia faced in seeking entry into the European Union, and membership talks could now start next spring.

Barroso said he hoped “that Croatia’s progress is an inspiration to our other partners to reinvigorate their reform efforts.”

Serbia can look at Croatia as an example.

The EU kept Croatia’s membership application on ice for years until it improved its cooperation with the UN war crimes tribunal. In 2005, the government helped track fugitive General Ante Gotovina and extradite him to the court in The Hague, Netherlands. But legal and human rights issues remained among the most thorny to solve.

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Reform of the judiciary

Questions surrounding a country’s judiciary are particularly sensitive in relation to EU accession, as the last two countries to become member states – Romania and Bulgaria – failed to fully meet EU standards in this area, the BBC reports.

“You know that the last stumbling bloc was the judiciary. I didn’t believe last year that the Croatians could do it. But in one year’s time, they completely reformed the judiciary and made it irreversible,” Reding said.

“It was hard work. They have done it,” she said.

Croatian Prime Minister Jadranka Kosor said the country’s goal is to complete its EU accession talks this year when it marks the 20th anniversary of independence from the former Yugoslavia.

The breakthrough comes at a time when some Croatians have soured on the EU following in the drawn-out accession process and Gotovina’s recent conviction on war crimes charges.

The Hague tribunal in April sentenced Gotovina to 24 years in prison for his role in a 1995 military offensive intended to drive Serb rebels out of land they had occupied for years along Croatia’s southern border with Bosnia.

After his conviction, thousands of Croatian war veterans massed in Zagreb and ripped EU flags and denounced Croatia’s pro-Western government, which has made EU membership its mantra.

Croatian Premier Jadranka Kosor has another battle on her hands to convince all of the Croatian population that joining the EU is in the country’s best interests – namely that the spending cuts required to do so are justified, Bloomberg reports.

Additional reporting by the AP

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