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Jakadrien Lorese Turner, centre, is surrounded by family and friends as she leaves Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport yesterday. G.J. McCarthy/AP/Press Association Images
Teen Runaway

US deported teenager to Colombia (even though she isn't from there)

The Texan teen was deported after pretending to be an illegal immigrant (and an adult) despite having no connections to Colombia.

A TEXAS TEENAGER who was deported to Colombia in May after claiming to be an illegal immigrant was returned to the United States and remains at the centre of an international mystery over how a minor could be sent to a country where she is not a citizen.

Her family has questioned why US officials didn’t do more to verify her identity and say she is not fluent in Spanish and had no ties to Colombia.

While many facts of the case involving Jakadrien Lorece Turner remain unclear, US and Colombian officials have pointed fingers over who is responsible.

The 15-year-old arrived in Dallas yesterday evening and was reunited with her family.

“She’s happy to be home,” the family’s attorney, Ray Jackson said.

He said the family was “ecstatic” to have Jakadrien back in Texas and they plan to “do what we can to make sure she gets back to a normal life.”

Complex case

Immigration experts say that while cases of mistaken identity are rare, people can slip through the cracks, especially if they don’t have legal help or family members working on their behalf. But they say US immigration authorities had the responsibility to determine if a person is a citizen.

“Often in these situations they have these group hearings where they tell everybody you’re going to be deported,” said Jacqueline Stevens, a political science professor at Northwestern University, who is an expert on immigration issues. “Everything is really quick, even if you understand English you wouldn’t understand what is going on. If she were in that situation as a 14-year-old she would be herded through like cattle and not have a chance to talk to the judge about her situation.”

Teen runaway

Jakadrien’s saga began when the teen ran away more than a year ago. Jakadrien’s family said she left home in November 2010.

In April 2011 she told Houston police she was Tika Lanay Cortez, a Colombian woman born in 1990, after she was arrested for minor theft.

It was unclear if she has been living under that name.

Houston police ran the name through a database to determine if she was wanted by Immigration and Customs Enforcement but the results were negative. She was then turned over to the Harris County jail and charged.

A sheriff’s office employee recommended that an immigration detainer be put on her and upon her release from jail she was turned over to ICE.

US immigration officials insist they followed procedure and found nothing to indicate that the girl wasn’t a Colombian woman living illegally in the country.

An ICE official said the teen claimed to be Cortez throughout the criminal proceedings in Houston and the ensuing deportation process, in which an immigration judge ultimately ordered her back to Colombia.

Standard procedure before any deportation is to coordinate with the other country in order to establish that person is from there, the ICE official said.

The ICE official, speaking on condition of anonymity due to not being authorised to discuss additional details of the case, said the teenager was interviewed by a representative from the Colombian consulate and that country’s government issued her a travel document to enter Colombia.

Jakadrien was issued travel documents at the request of US officials using information they provided, the Colombian Ministry of Foreign Affairs said. Colombian officials are investigating what kind of verification was conducted by its Houston consulate to issue the temporary passport.

A “Welcome Home” for the Columbian citizen

The girl was given Colombian citizenship upon arriving in that country, the ICE official said.

According to the Colombian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the girl was enrolled in the country’s “Welcome Home” programme after she arrived there.

She was given shelter, psychological assistance and a job at a call centre, a statement from the agency said.

“If she looked like an adult, and she told them she was a 21-year-old Colombian citizen, and she didn’t show up in their databases, this was inevitable,” said Albert Armendariz, an immigration attorney from El Paso.

Jakadrien’s family says they have no idea why she ended up in Colombia. Johnisa Turner said the girl is a US citizen who was born in Dallas and was not fluent in Spanish. She said neither she nor the teen’s father had ties to Colombia. Jakadrien’s grandmother, Lorene Turner, called the deportation a “big mistake somebody made.”

“She looks like a kid, she acts like a kid. How could they think she wasn’t a kid?” Lorene Turner asked. The Dallas hairstylist said she spent a lot of time on the Internet trying to track down Jakadrien.

Ultimately, the girl was found in Bogota by the Dallas Police Department with help from Colombian and US officials.

Facebook alias

Dallas Police detective C’mon (pronounced Simone) Wingo, the detective in charge of the case, said she was contacted in August by the girl’s grandmother, who said Jakadrien had posted “kind of disturbing” messages on a Facebook account where she goes by yet another name.

Wingo said the girl was located in early November through her use of a computer to log into Facebook. Relatives were then put into contact with the US embassy in Bogota to provide pictures and documents to prove Jakadrien’s identity.

Colombian officials said when the government discovered she was a US citizen and a minor, it put her under the care of a welfare program.

State Department spokeswoman Victoria Nuland said the case was brought to the State Department’s attention in mid-December.

“We didn’t have any involvement at all in this case until it came to light that there may be a problem with an American minor in Colombia, and that – and then we became involved both with Colombian authorities and with folks in Dallas,” Nuland said.

Stephen Yale-Loehr, who teaches immigration law at Cornell Law School, said hundreds of US citizens are wrongfully detained or deported each year.

“There are a variety of legitimate reasons why somebody might not appear to be a US citizen at first glance.” he said. “It’s the duty of the US federal immigration agency to make sure that we do not detain and deport US citizens erroneously. And this, unfortunately happened in this case.”

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